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Towards Geological Knowledge Discovery Using Vector-Based Semantic Similarity

  • Majigsuren EnkhsaikhanEmail author
  • Wei Liu
  • Eun-Jung Holden
  • Paul Duuring
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11323)

Abstract

It is not uncommon for large organisations and corporations to routinely produce various kinds of reports indefinitely. Apart from archiving them and the occasional retrieval of some, very little can be done to take advantage of these massive resources for valuable knowledge discovery. The under-utilised unstructured data written in natural language text is often referred to as part of the “dark data”. The good news is, recent success of learning distributed representation of words in vector spaces, especially, the similarity and analogy queries enabled by the so-learned word vectors drive a paradigm shift from “document retrieval” to “knowledge retrieval”. In this paper, we investigated how representational learning of words can affect the entity query results from a large domain corpus of geological survey reports. Extensive similarity tests and analogy queries have been performed. It demonstrated the necessity of training domain-specific word embeddings, as pre-trained embeddings are good at capturing morphological relations, but are inadequate for domain specific semantic relations. Carrying out entity extractions prior to word embedding training will further improve the quality of analogy query results. The framework developed in this paper can also be readily applied to other domain specific corpus.

Keywords

Word embedding Word2Vec FastText Word analogy Cosine similarity Geological domain 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and SafetyPerthAustralia

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