Towards a Feminist Transport and Mobility Future: From One to Many Tracks
In most countries, transport is considered as the backbone of economic development and growth. The neoliberal discourse on growth, advocating market-oriented planning and decision-making, influences transport planning and policy. Transport planning and policy-making are political arenas where power relations, different interests and redistribution of resources are played out albeit these processes are seldom acknowledged and recognized. Women’s and men’s different mobilities have revealed the gendered conditions of everyday life, and new perspectives on transport have developed based on critical and feminist epistemologies. The concluding chapter of the collection furthers the debate by discussing these matters in relation to social inequality in transportation and mobility justice. It is in the tensions and public arguments revolving around transport planning investments that questions of justice and fairness in relation to power relations between different socio-economic groups, men and women, girls and boys, and corporate interests can be discussed and transformed. The way forward is to integrate the different conditions for different people depending on gender, age, race, ethnicity, class, sexuality, geographical location and so on into transport planning. The transition towards more sustainable and gender-equal transport systems is foremost a structural question. By stressing on the politicalness of transport policy and planning, we are countering individualistic paradigms where the responsibility of sustainability and equality is placed solely on the individual’s practices. This is also what the title alludes to, the ambition to move from one track to many tracks.
- Balkmar, D. (2012). On men and cars: An ethnographic study of gendered, risky and dangerous relations. PhD dissertation, Linköping University, Sweden.Google Scholar
- Böhm, S., Jones, C., Land, C., & Paterson, M. (2006). Against automobility. Malden/Oxford/Carlton: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
- Currie, G., & Stanley, J. (2007). No way to go: Transport and social disadvantage in Australian communities. Melbourne: Monash University ePress.Google Scholar
- Currie, G., Richardson, T., Smyth, P., Vella-Brodrick, D., Hine, J., Lucas, K., Stanley, J., Morris, J., Kinnear, R., & Stanley, J. (2009). Investigating links between transport disadvantage, social exclusion and well-being in Melbourne—Preliminary results. Transport Policy, 16(3), 97–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Fraser, N. (2005). Reframing justice: In a globalizing world. New Left Review, 36, 69–88.Google Scholar
- Hanson, S., & Pratt, G. J. (1995). Gender, work, and space. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Joelsson, T. (2013). Space and sensibility: Young men’s risk-taking with motor vehicles. PhD dissertation, Linköping University, Sweden.Google Scholar
- Joelsson, T. (forthcoming). Smart cities, smart mobilities and children. In T. P. Uteng, L. Levin, & H. R. Christensen (Eds.), Gendering smart mobilities. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Levin, L. (2008). Äldre kvinnor: osynliga i statistiken men närvarande i trafiken [Elderly women: Invisible in statistics but present in the traffic]. In M. Brusman, T. Friberg, & J. Summerton (Eds.), Resande, planering, makt [Travel, planning, power]. Lund: Arkiv Förlag.Google Scholar
- Levin, L., & Faith-Ell, C. (2011). Women and men in public consultations of road-building projects. Transportation Research Board Conference Proceedings.Google Scholar
- Listerborn, C. (2002). Trygg stad. Diskurser om rädsla i forskning, policyutveckling och lokal praktik [Safe city: Discourses on women’s fear in research, policy development and local practices]. PhD dissertation, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.Google Scholar
- Lucas, K. (2006). Providing transport for social inclusion within a framework for environmental justice in the UK. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 40(10), 801–809.Google Scholar
- Lucas, K. (2013). Transport and social inclusion. In J.-P. Rodrigue, T. Notteboom, & J. Shaw (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of transport studies. London/Thousand Oaks/New Delhi/Singapore: Sage.Google Scholar
- Martens, K., Golub, A., & Robinson, G. (2012). A justice-theoretic approach to the distribution of transportation benefits: Implications for transportation planning practice in the United States. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 46(4), 684–695.Google Scholar
- Rosenbloom, S. (2006). Understanding women’s and men’s travel patterns: The research challenge. In Research on women’s issues in transportation: Volume 1 conference overview and plenary papers, conference proceedings (Vol. 35, pp. 7–28). Washington, DC: National Research Council.Google Scholar
- Social Exclusion Unit. 2003. Making the connections: Final report on transport and social exclusion, 2003. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ and http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/social_exclusion_task_force/assets/publications_1997_to_2006/making_transport_2003.pdf, 67.
- SOER. (2015). European environment agency. Downloaded from: https://www.eea.europa.eu/soer-2015/europe/urban-systems. 20 Jan 2018.
- Spivak, G. C., & Guha, R. (Eds.). (1988). Selected subaltern studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Uteng, T. P., & Cresswell, T. E. (2008). Gendered mobilities. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Valentine, G. (2004). Public space and the culture of childhood. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- WHO Fact Sheet. (2017). Climate change and health. Downloaded from: http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/climate-change-and-health. 20 Jan 2018.