Evidence of the ‘Snowball Earth’ and Other Ancient Glaciations from the Border Areas of the Dogu’a Tembien District

  • Robert BussertEmail author
Part of the GeoGuide book series (GEO)


Have ice ages left an impact in today’s landscape of the Dogu’a Tembien district? Today’s tropical highlands of northern Ethiopia are not high enough to contain glaciers, although snow does occasionally fall on the summits of the Simien Mountains, about 100 km to the west of the Dogu’a Tembien district, as well as in other high mountain regions of Ethiopia. Very few mountains in Africa are currently glaciated and none of them in Ethiopia.

Further Reading

  1. Arkin Y, Beyth M, Dow DB, Levitte D, Haile Temesgen, Hailu Tsegaye (1971) Geological Map of Mekele Sheet Area ND 37-11, Tigre Province. Imperial Ethiop Gov, Ministry of Mines, Geol Surv Ethiop, Addis Ababa.Google Scholar
  2. Brocke R, Bussert R, Dawit Lebenie (2015) First discovery of Early Palaeozoic post-glacial (post-Hirnanatian/latest Ordovician-early Silurian) mudstones and cryptospores in northern Ethiopia. In Wagner J, Elger K (eds.) GeoBerlin2015: Dynamic Earth from Alfred Wegener to today and beyond; Abstracts, Annual Meet DGGV and DMG (Berlin), Potsdam.Google Scholar
  3. Bussert R (2010) Exhumed erosional landforms of the Late Palaeozoic glaciation in northern Ethiopia: Indicators of ice-flow direction, palaeolandscape and regional ice dynamics. Gondwana Res 18:356–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bussert R (2014) Depositional environments during the Late Palaeozoic ice age (LPIA) in northern Ethiopia, NE Africa. J Afri Earth Sci 99:386–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bussert R, Schrank E (2007) Palynological evidence for a latest Carboniferous-Early Permian glaciation in Northern Ethiopia. J Afri Earth Sci 49:201–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bussert R, Enkurie Dawit (2009) Unexpected diversity: New results on the stratigraphy and sedimentology of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic siliciclastic sediments in Northern Ethiopia. Zentralbl Geol Paläontol 2007(3/4):181–198.Google Scholar
  7. Hurni H (2015) Palaeoglaciated Landscapes in Simen and Other High-Mountain Areas of Ethiopia. In: Billi P (ed) Landscapes and Landforms of Ethiopia, World Geomorphological Landscapes, Springer, Dordrecht, pp 139–146.Google Scholar
  8. Lewin A, Meinhold G, Hinderer M, Enkurie Dawit, Bussert R (2018) Provenance of sandstones in northern Ethiopia during Late Ordovician and Carboniferous-Permian Gondwana glaciations: petrography and geochemistry of the Enticho Sandstone and the Edaga Arbi Glacials. Sediment Geol 375:188–202.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften, Technische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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