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Hydrological Context of Water Scarcity and Storage on the Mountain Ridges in Dogu’a Tembien

  • Kristine WalraevensEmail author
  • Marc Van Camp
  • Ine Vandecasteele
  • Wim Clymans
  • Jan Moeyersons
  • Amaury Frankl
  • Etefa Guyassa
  • Amanuel Zenebe
  • Jean Poesen
  • Katrien Descheemaeker
  • Jan Nyssen
Chapter
Part of the GeoGuide book series (GEO)

Abstract

A highly seasonal and erratic rainfall pattern (Chap.  3) provokes general water scarcity in Dogu’a Tembien for eight months a year. This chapter shortly describes the hydrogeological context and hydrodynamics of actual surface and groundwater flow of the mountain catchments around Hagere Selam. Further, some positive effects of water harvesting techniques on the water availability are shown.

Further Reading

  1. Amanuel Zenebe, Vanmaercke M, Poesen J, Verstraeten G, Nigussie Haregeweyn, Mitiku Haile, Kassa Amare, Deckers J, Nyssen J (2013) Spatial and temporal variability of river flows in the degraded semi-arid tropical mountains of northern Ethiopia. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 57(2): 143–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Descheemaeker K, Nyssen J, Poesen J, Raes D, Terryn L, Mitiku Haile, Muys B, Deckers J (2009) Water harvesting and sediment trapping in exclosures - A gully diversion experiment in the Tigray Highlands, Ethiopia. Poster presented at the EGU General Assembly 2009, 19–24 April 2009, Vienna, Austria. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11, EGU2009-1626Google Scholar
  3. Etefa Guyassa, Frankl A, Amanuel Zenebe, Poesen J, Nyssen J (2017) Effects of check dams on runoff characteristics along gully reaches, the case of Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Hydrology 545: 299–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  5. Gebeyehu Taye, Poesen J, Vanmaercke M, van Wesemael B, Martens L, Daniel Teka, Nyssen J, Deckers J, Vanacker V, Haregeweyn N, Hallet V (2015) Evolution of the effectiveness of stone bunds and trenches in reducing runoff and soil loss in the semi-arid Ethiopian highlands. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 59(4):477–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. Nyssen J, Clymans W, Descheemaeker K, Poesen J, Vandecasteele I, Vanmaercke M, Amanuel Zenebe, Van Camp M, Mitiku Haile, Nigussie Haregeweyn, Moeyersons J, Martens K, Tesfamichael Gebreyohannes, Deckers J, Walraevens K (2010) Impact of soil and water conservation on catchment hydrological response – a case in north Ethiopia. Hydrological Processes 24(13): 1880–1895Google Scholar
  8. Tesfaye Chernet, Gebretsadik Eshete (1982) Hydrogeology of the Mekelle area (ND37-11). Ministry of Mines and Energy Memoir 2, Ministry of Mines, Addis Ababa, 50 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Vandecasteele I, Nyssen J, Clymans W, Moeyersons J, Martens K, Van Camp M, Tesfamichael Gebreyohannes, Desmedt F, Deckers J, Walraevens K, 2011. Hydrogeology and groundwater flow in a basalt-capped Mesozoic sedimentary series of the Ethiopian highlands. Hydrogeology Journal 19(3): 641–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Walraevens K, Vandecasteele I, Martens K, Nyssen J, Moeyersons J, Tesfamichael Gebreyohannes, De Smedt F, Poesen J, Deckers J, Van Camp M (2009) Groundwater recharge and flow in a small mountain catchment in Northern Ethiopia. Hydrological Sciences Journal 54: 739–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristine Walraevens
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marc Van Camp
    • 1
  • Ine Vandecasteele
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wim Clymans
    • 4
  • Jan Moeyersons
    • 5
  • Amaury Frankl
    • 6
  • Etefa Guyassa
    • 7
  • Amanuel Zenebe
    • 8
  • Jean Poesen
    • 3
  • Katrien Descheemaeker
    • 9
  • Jan Nyssen
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of GeologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.European Commission, Territorial Development UnitJoint Research CentreIspraItaly
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  4. 4.Earthwatch InstituteOxfordUK
  5. 5.Royal Museum for Central AfricaTervurenBelgium
  6. 6.Department of GeographyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  7. 7.Department of Land Resources Management & Environmental ProtectionMekelle UniversityMekelleEthiopia
  8. 8.Institute for Climate and SocietyMekelle UniversityMekelleEthiopia
  9. 9.Department of Plant Production SystemsWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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