Fossil Evidence of Dogu’a Tembien’s Environmental Past

  • Frederik LerougeEmail author
  • Raf Aerts
Part of the GeoGuide book series (GEO)


Fossils are the remains of organisms that lived in the past and became embedded and preserved in sedimentary rocks or other materials. They are typically millions to hundreds of millions of years old, and have undergone a process of fossilisation, by which their chemical composition has been altered.



The authors wish to thank Koen Van Overtveld for the invaluable pictures and information on his rare finds, Dr. Stijn Goolaerts (KBIN) for help with identification of cephalopods, Prof. Dirk Van Damme (UGent) for assistance with identifying the freshwater mollusks, Prof. Jean Poesen (KULeuven) for sharing some additional insights in the occurrence of fossils in Dogu’a Tembien, and the reviewers for their invaluable comments.

Further Reading

  1. Dacque E (1905) Beiträge zur Geologie des Somalilandes, 2. Teil. Oberer Jura [Contributions to the geology of Somaliland, Part 2. Upper Jurassic]. Beitr Paleontol Geol und Geol Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients 17: 119–160.Google Scholar
  2. Doyle P (1996) Understanding fossils: an introduction to Invertebrate palaeontology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester.Google Scholar
  3. Ficcarelli G (1968) Fossili giuresi della serie sedimentaria del Nilo Azzurro meridionale [Jurassic fossils from the sedimentary series of the southern Blue Nile]. Riv Ital Paleontol Stratigr 74: 23–50.Google Scholar
  4. Tesfamichael Gebreyohannes, De Smedt F, Miruts Hagos, Solomon Gebresilassie, Kassa Amare, Kurkura Kabeto, Abdulwassie Hussein, Nyssen, J., Bauer, H., Moeyersons, J., Deckers, J., Mitiku Haile, Nurhussen Taha (2010) Large-Scale Geological mapping of the Geba basin, northern Ethiopia. VLIR – Mekelle University IUC Programme.Google Scholar
  5. Goodwin MB, Irmis RB (2013). Non-marine Mesozoic ecosystems of northeastern Africa: new insights from the northwest plateau of Ethiopia. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting Proceedings. Vol. 45: N 7, p. 456.Google Scholar
  6. Kiessling W, Kumar D, Schemm-Gregory M, Mewis H, Aberhan M (2011). Marine benthic invertebrates from the Upper Jurassic of northern Ethiopia and their biogeographic affinities. J Afr Earth Sci 59: 195–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Scott G (1943) Paleontology of Harrar province, Ethiopia. Part 4. Jurassic Cephalopoda and a Cretaceous Nautilus. Bull Am Museum Nat Hist 82: 55–94.Google Scholar
  8. Sembroni A, Molin P, Dramis F, Bekele Abebe (2017) Geology of the Tekeze River basin (Northern Ethiopia). Journal of Maps 13(2): 621–631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PXL University CollegeHasseltBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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