Advertisement

Downhole Communication and Power Supplies to Instruments and Communication Modules

  • Chinthaka P. Gooneratne
  • Bodong Li
  • Max Deffenbaugh
  • Timothy Moellendick
Chapter
Part of the Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation book series (SSMI, volume 32)

Abstract

This chapter describes the four main telemetry methods, mud pulse, electromagnetic, acoustic and wired cable, employed by downhole logging and directional instruments to communicate with the surface. The real-time transmission of data from downhole to the surface, and from the surface to downhole, enables the driller to make informed decisions and optimize the drilling process. Batteries and turbine alternators, which supply power to the logging, directional and telemetry modules, are also discussed in this chapter.

References

  1. 1.
    B.J. Patton, W. Gravley, J.K. Godbey, J.H. Sexton, D.E. Hawk, V.R. Slover, J.W. Harrell, J. Petrol. Technol. 29, 1215 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.B. Denison, J. Petrol. Technol. 31, 155 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Gearhart, K.A. Ziemer, O.M. Knight, J. Petrol. Technol. 33, 2301 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Roberts, R. Newton, F. Stone, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (1982)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Gravley, J. Petrol. Technol. 35, 1439 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.B. Cheatham Jr., in SPE Production Technology Symposium (1983)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.G. Blount, M.B. Mooney, B.E. Smith, D. Quinn, E.B. Larson, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (1997)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Hutin, R.W. Tennent, S.V. Kashikar, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Q. Li, T. Bornemann, J. Rasmus, H. Wang, K. Hodenfield, J. Lovell, in SPWLA 42nd Annual Logging Symposium (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.J. Sullivan, J.R. Scheevel, B. Katz, in SPWLA 43rd Annual Logging Symposium (2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Horkowitz, S. Crary, K. Ganesan, R. Heidler, B. Luong, J. Morley, M. Petricola, C. Prusiecki, M. Poitzsch, J.R. Scheibal, M. Hashem, in SPWLA 43rd Annual Logging Symposium (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    O.N. Akimov, A. Baule, J. Bethge, T. Roessel, R. Tilsley-Baker, in SPE Europec/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Klotz, I. Wassermann, D. Hahn, in SPE Indian Oil and Gas Technical Conference and Exhibition (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Klotz, P.R. Bond, I. Wassermann, S. Priegnitz, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Klotz, A. Kaniappan, A.K. Thorsen, E. Nathan, M. Jahangir, L. Lie, in SPE/IADC Asia Pacific Drilling Technology Conference and Exhibition (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. Wasserman, D. Hahn, D.H. Nguyen, J. Macpherson, Oil Gas J. 106, 39 (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Cooper, L.S.B. Santos, in SPE Russian Petroleum Technology Conference (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    W. Emmerich, O. Akimov, I.B. Brahim, A. Greten, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Emmerich, O. Akimov, I.B. Brahim, A. Greten, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition (2016)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. Emmerich, I.B. Brahim, O. Akimov, A. Greten, in Offshore Technology Conference Asia (2016)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    W. Emmerich, A. Greten, I.B. Brahim, O. Akimov, in Offshore Technology Conference (2016)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Greten, I.B. Brahim, W. Emmerich, O. Akimov, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition (2017)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Z. Yan, Y. Geng, C. Wei, T. Wang, T. Gao, J. Shao, X. Hu, M. Yuan, Flow Meas. Instrum. 59, 28 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D.A. Hill, J.R. Wait, Electron. Lett. 14, 532 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Bhagwan, F.N. Trofimenkoff, Electric drill stem telemetry. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-20, 193 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. DeGauque, R. Grudzinski, SPE Drill. Eng. 2, 127 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    L. Soulier, M. Lemaitre, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (1993)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    W.H. Harrison, R.L. Mazza, L.A. Rubin, A.B. Yost, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (1990)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    F.N. Trofimenkoff, M. Segal, A. Klassen, J.W. Haslett, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 2539 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. Weisbeck, G. Blackwell, D. Park, C. Cheatham, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2002)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    B. Peter, D. Weisbeck, R. Graham, in SPE/IADC Underbalanced Technology Conference and Exhibition (2003)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    P.K. Vong, D. Rodger, A. Marshall, IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 2008 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Wilhide, J. Smith, D. Doebereiner, B. Raymond, D.H. Weisbeck, B. Ziemke, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (2010)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Kolaric, J. Lee, S. Yong, K. Yu, G. Fu, S. Tseytlin, in Offshore Mediterranean Conference and Exhibition (2011)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    L. Serniotti, M. Troiano, D. Di Tommaso, in Offshore Mediterranean Conference and Exhibition (2011)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    C. Carpenter, J. Petrol. Technol. 67, 87 (2015)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    M.Y. Xia, Z.Y. Chen, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 31, 1222 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. Schnitger, J.D. Macpherson, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition (2009)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. Chen, S. Li, C. MacMillan, G. Cortes, D. Wood, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (2015)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Q. Dong, J. Chen, in SEG International Exposition and Annual Meeting of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (2016)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    G. Jannin, J. Chen, L.E. DePavia, L. Sun, M. Schwartz, in SEG International Exposition and Annual Meeting of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (2017)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. Zeng, Q. Dong, J. Chen, in Unconventional Resources Technology Conference (2017)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    T.G. Barnes, B.R. Kirkwood, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 51, 1606 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    A.H. Drouin, in Offshore Technology Conference (1974)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    D.R. Witmer, R.E. Pearson, in Offshore Technology Conference (1977)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    W.D. Squire, H.J. Whitehouse, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (1979)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    C.H. Cheng, M.N. Toksöz, Geophysics 46, 1042 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    R.J. Trett, in Offshore Technology Conference (1988)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    D.S. Drumheller, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 85, 1048 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    T. Tochikawa, T. Sakai, R. Taniguchi, T. Shimada, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (1996)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    L. Gao, W.R. Gardner, C. Robbins, D.H. Johnson, M. Memarzadeh, SPE Reserv. Eval. Eng. 11, 141 (2008)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    P.L. Camwell, J.G. McRory, J.M. Neff, Drill. Contractor 65, 30 (2009)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    M.E. Reeves, P.L. Camwell, J. McRory, in SPE Offshore Europe (2011)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    A.K. Farraj, S.L. Miller, K.A. Qaraqe, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (2013)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    W.R. Gardner, R.E. Hyden, E.J. Linyaev, L. Gao, C. Robbins, J. Moore, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2006)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    J.M. Neff, P.L. Camwell, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2007)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    A. Hawthorn, S. Aguilar, in SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition (2017)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    M. Reeves, J.D. MacPherson, R. Zaeper, D.R. Bert, J. Shursen, W.K. Armagost, D.S. Pixton, M. Hernandez, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2006)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    M. Hernandez, D.W. MacNeill, M. Reeves, A.D. Kirkwood, J.P. Ruszka, R. Zaeper, S.R. Lemke, in SPE Indian Oil and Gas Technical Conference and Exhibition (2008)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    R.B. Russell, M. Hernandez, D.W. MacNeill, M.E. Reeves, P. Hamel, in International Petroleum Technology Conference (2008)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    A.D. Craig, T.A. Jackson, D. Ramnarace, R. Schultze, M. Briscoe, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2013)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    M.J. Jellison, D.R. Hall, D.C. Howard, H.T. Hall Jr., R.C. Long, R.B. Chandler, D.S. Pixton, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2003)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    J.E. Gravdal, in International Petroleum Technology Conference (2009)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    A.E. Gravdal, R.J. Lorentzen, R.W. Time, in SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition (2010)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    S.T. Edwards, C.J. Coley, N.A. Whitley, R.G. Keck, V. Ramnath, T. Foster, K. Coghill, M. Honey, in SPE/IADC Drilling Conference (2013)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    D.S. Pixton, R.A. Shishavan, H.D. Perez, J.D. Hedengren, A. Craig, in SPE/IADC Managed Pressure Drilling & Underbalanced Operations Conference & Exhibition (2014)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    H.B. Siahaan, K.S. Bjorkevoll, J.E. Gravdal, in SPE Intelligent Energy Conference & Exhibition (2014)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    S. Grymalyuk, M. Schimanski, L. Lilledal, in Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference (2016)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    D. Hensley, M. Milewits, W. Zhang, Oil Field Rev. 10, 42 (1998)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    R. Beckwith, J. Petrol. Technol. 65, 42 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    B.A. Stroehlein, in Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference (2014)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    M. Milewits, in The Seventeenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances (2002), pp. 199–204Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    M.R. Palacín, A. De Guibert, Science 351, 1253292 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    K. Zhao, Y. Cui, Extreme Mech. Lett. 9, 347 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    H. Guo, Z. Lv, Z. Wu, B. Wei, IET Electr. Power Appl. 7, 214 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    H. Lu, B. Li, X. Zhang, IJEART 2, 16 (2016)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    B. Plamp, Development of a High Pressure/High Temperature Down-Hole Turbine Generator (Dexter Magnetic Technologies, Incorporated, 2007). DE-FC26-05NT42655, phase I final report. Available online at https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/903397
  78. 78.
    Z. Wang, Z. Jian, Y. Guo, W. Zhu, H. Wang, in The 24th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chinthaka P. Gooneratne
    • 1
  • Bodong Li
    • 2
  • Max Deffenbaugh
    • 3
  • Timothy Moellendick
    • 4
  1. 1.Drilling Technology DivisionEXPEC ARCDhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Drilling Technology DivisionEXPEC ARCDhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Aramco Research CenterHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Drilling Technology DivisionEXPEC ARCDhahranSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations