Education to Address Social and Environmental Challenges: A Critical Pedagogy Perspective on Saudi Public Education

  • Saad Algraini
  • Janet McIntyre-Mills
Part of the Contemporary Systems Thinking book series (CST)


Education plays an important role in enhancing people’s autonomy and in helping them to make well-informed decisions. Thus, the aim of the current chapter is to investigate the ability of students in the Saudi education system to build creative and critical thinking capabilities. The analysis draws on critical pedagogy to highlight key issues in learning at the school level. In general, the focus is on the process and the content of learning and on the extent to which learning considers broader social and environmental challenges. In the analysis of the current top-down approach to learning, the findings highlight that education is often in passive forms and that the curriculum is less relevant. The recommendation made in this chapter is that the learning system should provide students and teachers with better opportunities for creative learning and teaching and that the importance of social and environmental diversity is acknowledged and appreciated. This will support the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, which are aimed at preparing students to become lifelong learners.


Saudi public education Critical pedagogy Passive learning Social and environmental challenges Human development Sustainable development 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saad Algraini
    • 1
  • Janet McIntyre-Mills
    • 1
  1. 1.Flinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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