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Towards Sustainable Development in Africa: The Challenge of Urbanization and Climate Change Adaptation

  • Matthew Chidozie OgwuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Sustainable development (SD) is a paradigm shift from the conventional pursuit of economic growth hinged on resource depletion and environmental degradation. This chapter examines the effects of urbanization and climate change on SD in Africa. Climate change poses a significant and unique challenge to Africa’s SD because of its agro-dependent economy. Urbanization in Africa is more “push” than “pull” driven. Therefore, to achieve SD, Africa needs to expand existing infrastructures, build resilient public institutions, reduce poverty, develop new industrial and agro-based technologies, create more employment through diversification, use renewable energies, and practice climate-smart agriculture. The development of a sound policy is also necessary to address the effects of urban population growth and climate change on SD in Africa.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesSeoul National UniversityGwanak gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea

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