Providing Language Support for NATO Operations: Challenges and Solutions
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO’s) first peace support operation in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia in 1995 threw up the unplanned-for linguistic challenge of having to communicate with local populations who did not speak one of its official languages of English and French. This chapter investigates NATO forces’ responses to this challenge not only in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia but also in subsequent operations in Kosovo (1999) and Afghanistan (2003). In each operation, the provision of language support was initially disorganized and improvised but eventually led to the establishment of professional standard language services and, finally, the development of a Doctrine on Language Support for Operations to be followed in all future such operations.
- Baker, Catherine. 2012. “When Bosnia was a Commonwealth Country: British Forces and their Interpreters in Republika Srpska, 1995–2007.” In Languages and the Military: Alliances, Occupation and Peace-Building, ed. Hilary Footitt and Michael Kelly, 100–114. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dragović Drouet, Mila. 2007. “The Practice of Translation and Interpreting during the Conflicts in the Former Yugoslavia (1991–1999).” In Translating and Interpreting Conflict, ed. Myrian Salama-Carr, 29–40. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi.Google Scholar
- Inghilleri, Moira, and Sue-Ann Harding. 2010. “Translating Violent Conflict.” The Translator Special Issue: Translation and Violent Conflict 16 (2): 165–173Google Scholar
- Skuncke, Marie-France. 2012. “Tout a commencé à Nuremberg.” Accessed September 19, 2017. http://aiic.net/page/984/tout-a-commence-a-Nuremberg.
- Stahuljak, Zrinka. 1999. “The Violence of Neutrality: Translators in and of the War (Croatia, 1991–92).” College Literature 26 (1): 34–51.Google Scholar
- Stahuljak, Zrinka. 2009/2010. “War, Translation, Transnationalism: Interpreters in and of the War (Croatia, 1991–1992).” In Translation Studies (4 vols.), Volume III, ed. Mona Baker, 345–374. London and New York. Reprinted, with editorial apparatus, Mona Baker (ed.), Critical Readings in Translation Studies, London and New York: Routledge, 391–414.Google Scholar