Executive Branch

  • Robert E. Forbis Jr.


President George W. Bush-Era executive actions altered federal domestic energy policies and, in turn, affected the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) domestic energy policies and resource allocation. Executive branch actions directing the BLM to favor the energy development industry illustrate how a president and his executive appointees established, possibly unintentionally, conditions for political conflict. The unilateral use of this executive authority resulted in increased levels, numbers and types of federal energy development projects in New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming. And while ranchers and energy developers have a long and storied history of being closely allied in promoting and defending each other’s use of federal resources for economic gain; despite this history of joint benefits, in 2001 the political-will of the Bush Administration, clearly articulated in the early use of presidential powers emphasized the development of one commodity: energy.


Executive power Ranching Energy Natural resource development Split-estate energy development 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Forbis Jr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

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