The International Secretariat and Its Ethos

  • David Macfadyen
  • Michael D. V. Davies
  • Marilyn Norah Carr
  • John Burley
Part of the Understanding Governance book series (TRG)


Describes how Drummond went about assembling the first International Secretariat and his attempts to be inclusive, by recruiting women and staff from small member states. Although women accounted for 50% of the staff, many of them were educated beyond the level needed for the positions they occupied. Includes a pen-portrait of Rachel Crowdy, the most notable senior woman. Examines how the functions and structures of the Secretariat emerged, and how the ethos of international civil service was established. Describes the vibrant expatriate life in Geneva in the 1920s and the birth of Geneva as a centre of world diplomacy. Looks at the rise of nationalist tendencies after 1927.


Hotel National Recruitment policy Gender equality Rachel Crowdy Spirit of Geneva Return to nationalism 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Macfadyen
    • 1
  • Michael D. V. Davies
    • 2
  • Marilyn Norah Carr
    • 3
  • John Burley
    • 4
  1. 1.North BerwickUK
  2. 2.KinghamUK
  3. 3.RichmondUK
  4. 4.Divonne-les-BainsFrance

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