An International Secretariat Appears on the World Stage

  • David Macfadyen
  • Michael D. V. Davies
  • Marilyn Norah Carr
  • John Burley
Part of the Understanding Governance book series (TRG)


Describes two milestones in Drummond’s nomination as Secretary-General: his visit to the US in 1917 with Foreign Secretary Balfour to meet with President Wilson; and his active participation in the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. Covers some of the background to the drafting of the Covenant of the League, and the emerging of a truly International Secretariat in the face of obstacles encountered by Drummond from the British and French Governments. Describes the early days of the Secretariat in London (May 1919 to November 1920) where Drummond drew up, in close collaboration with Jean Monnet (France) and Raymond Fosdick (US), blueprints for operation and made every effort to keep the USA informally involved.


Woodrow Wilson Paris Peace Conference Drafting of Covenant Temporary London headquarters Operational blueprint Fosdick 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Macfadyen
    • 1
  • Michael D. V. Davies
    • 2
  • Marilyn Norah Carr
    • 3
  • John Burley
    • 4
  1. 1.North BerwickUK
  2. 2.KinghamUK
  3. 3.RichmondUK
  4. 4.Divonne-les-BainsFrance

Personalised recommendations