Increases in population require the generation of new farmlands to supplement existing ones. Organic farming is a type of agricultural farming that produces food without the use of any chemical fertilizers. Organic farming also maintains biodiversity and reduces the environmental pollution of water, air, and soil. The most common environmental problems in the cultivation of land include the mismanagement of manure applications, pesticide leaching, and heavy metal accumulation. Thus, organic farming practices help to protect against nutrient leaching, water runoff, and soil erosion. However, without the proper management, organic farming practices also lead to the same environmental issues as conventional farming does. This chapter reviews the ways that organic farming protects water quality.
KeywordsOrganic farming Water quality Environment
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