Advertisement

The Qiong da yi shi 窮達以時 (Poverty or Success Is a Matter of Timing) and the Concept of Heaven and Humans in Early Confucianism

  • Liang Tao 
Chapter
Part of the Dao Companions to Chinese Philosophy book series (DCCP, volume 10)

Abstract

The Guodian bamboo texts appear to suggest that the notion of the division between Humans and Heaven is a basic precept of early Confucianism, with a discernible influence on Mencius. Mencius differs from Xunzi, whose concept of the division between Humans and Heaven is inherently more complex, and which scholars in the past have often taken a simplistic view of. Mencius and Xunzi both propounded ideas of the division as well as the unity of Humans and Heaven, but they differ in specific terms on practical levels.

Keywords

Poverty or success is a matter of timing Division and unity of humans and heaven Mencius Xunzi 

References

  1. Cook, Scott. 2012. The Bamboo Texts of Guodian: A Study and Complete Translation, 2 vols. New York: Cornell University.Google Scholar
  2. Jiao, Xun 焦循. 1986. Correct Interpretations of the Mengzi 孟子正義. In Zhuzi jicheng 諸子集成 1. Shanghai: Shanghai Shudian.Google Scholar
  3. Jingmenshi Bowuguan 荊門市博物館, ed. 1998. Bamboo Slip Manuscripts from a Chu Tomb at Guodian 郭店楚墓竹簡. Beijing: Wenwu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  4. Knoblock, John. 1994. Xunzi: A Study and Translation of the Complete Works, 3 vols. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Lau, D.C. 2003. Mencius. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Li, Xueqin 李學勤. 1999. “The Division Between Heaven and Man 天人之分.” In Zheng Wangeng 鄭萬耕, ed., New Discussions of Traditional Chinese Philosophy 中國傳統哲學新論, 239–44. Beijing: Jiuzhou Tushu Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  7. Liang, Tao 梁濤. 2003. “The Bamboo Text ‘Poverty or Success Is a Matter of Timing and the Heaven and Man’ Concept in Early Confucianism 竹簡《窮達以時》與早期儒家天人觀.” Philosophical Studies 哲學研究 4: 65–70.Google Scholar
  8. Meyer, Dirk. 2011. Philosophy on Bamboo: Text and the Production of Meaning in Early China. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  9. Wang, Xianqian 王先謙. 1997. An Anthology of Annotations on the Xunzi 荀子集解. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Tao 
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chinese ClassicsRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations