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Sea Buckthorn and Apricot Based Nutraceuticals

  • Vijay K. Bharti
  • Sahil Kalia
  • Arup Giri
  • Bhuvnesh Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

A high-altitude environment is characterized by hypobaric hypoxia, extreme temperature variation, low humidity, intense ultraviolet radiation, low rainfall, and high wind velocity. These types of extreme climatic conditions can result in oxidative stress in animals. This stress leads to a marked increase in cellular dysfunction and a decline in the production of antioxidant defense molecules which affects health and productivity of livestock especially at high altitudes. Therefore, the veterinary clinician is required to induce an upregulation of antioxidants and in the immune system to ameliorate the oxidative stress. Currently, nutraceuticals are used in nutritional therapy to manage various disease conditions and to improve productivity of pets and livestock animals. Nutraceuticals refer to natural functional foods or bioactive phytochemicals that have health-promoting and disease-preventing properties. These nutraceuticals in general contain alkaloids, flavonoids, some vitamins, trace minerals, etc. Various studies have revealed that apricot seed cake, sea buckthorn leaves, fruit pomace, and fruit pulp are rich in phytomolecules which modulate the immune system and upregulate the antioxidant defense system in broiler chicken, sheep, and goats. This chapter discusses the value of nutraceuticals and the usefulness of apricot (Prunus armeniaca) and sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) in broiler chicken health management and improvement of weight gain in high-altitude regions.

Keywords

Antioxidant Apricot High altitude Nutraceuticals Sea buckthorn 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vijay K. Bharti
    • 1
  • Sahil Kalia
    • 1
  • Arup Giri
    • 2
  • Bhuvnesh Kumar
    • 3
  1. 1.DRDO-Defence Institute of High Altitude ResearchLeh-LadakhIndia
  2. 2.Arni UniversityKathgarhIndia
  3. 3.DRDO-Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied SciencesTimarpurIndia

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