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Neem Extract

  • Anu Rahal
  • Dinesh Kumar
  • Jitendra K. Malik
Chapter

Abstract

Neem has become a cynosure of modern lifestyle and finds extensive use in Ayurvedic, Unani and homoeopathic medicine. It elaborates a vast collection of bioactive compounds that are chemically diverse and structurally complex which exhibit immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycaemic, antiulcer, antimalarial, antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic properties. The leaves are a habitual feed for ruminants in arid lands; the seeds are a rich source of fatty acids and proteins but remain largely unexploited owing to the bitter toxic principles present in it. If the bitters can be substantially reduced, the toxicity of neem parts can be overcome, and its different parts may be fully utilized as an excellent nutraceutical. Its bioactivity, livestock safety and ecofriendly temperament is quite encouraging to prospect its bright future in the field of nutraceuticals.

Keywords

Neem Leaves Seed kernel Neem oil Animal feed Safety 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anu Rahal
    • 1
  • Dinesh Kumar
    • 2
  • Jitendra K. Malik
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Animal HealthICAR-Central Institute for Research on GoatsMathuraIndia
  2. 2.Division of Pharmacology and ToxicologyIndian Veterinary Research InstituteBareillyIndia
  3. 3.Division of Pharmacology and ToxicologyIndian Veterinary Research InstituteDehradunIndia

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