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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage-Related Epilepsy

  • Warren BolingEmail author
  • Lydia Kore
Chapter
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 127)

Abstract

Epilepsy is a significant worldwide public health problem that leads to reduced quality of life and negative psychosocial consequences and significantly increases mortality rates in those who are affected. The development of epilepsy from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has an important negative impact on long-term survival, functional status, and cognitive recovery in patients following aneurysmal rupture. Anticonvulsant medication (AED) administration to prevent the development of epilepsy following SAH is controversial, and studies to date have not shown effectiveness of AED use as prophylaxis. This paper reviews the pathophysiology of SAH in the development of epilepsy, the scope of the problem of epilepsy related to SAH, and the studies that have evaluated AED administration as prophylaxis for seizures and epilepsy.

Notes

Conflict of Interest

The authors affirm that they have no conflicts of interest related to this manuscript.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryLoma Linda UniversityLoma LindaUSA
  2. 2.Loma Linda University, School of MedicineLoma LindaUSA

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