Current Open Surgical Indications for Revascularization in Cerebral Ischemia
Cerebral revascularization was pioneered half a century ago. Gradual improvements in microsurgical instrumentation and training in microsurgical techniques have allowed significant changes that improved outcomes in neurosurgery, extrapolating this knowledge to other neurosurgical diseases (brain tumor, aneurysms, and skull base tumor surgery). But the popularity of cerebral bypass procedures was followed by their decline, given the lack of clear benefit of bypass surgery in chronic cerebrovascular ischemia after the EC-IC bypass studies. Over the last couple of decades, the formidable advance of neuro-endovascular techniques for revascularization has lessened the need for application of open cerebral revascularization procedures, either for flow augmentation or flow replacement. However, there is still a select group of patients with chronic cerebral ischemia, for whom open cerebral revascularization with flow augmentation is the only treatment option available, and this will be the objective of our current review.
KeywordsCerebral bypass Cerebral ischemia Revascularization Flow augmentation Flow replacement Vertebrobasilar insufficiency Microsurgery
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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