Advertisement

Stripping Section Design Analysis

  • Claudio MadedduEmail author
  • Massimiliano Errico
  • Roberto Baratti
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)

Abstract

The analysis of the stripping section design procedure of an industrial CO2-MEA post-combustion capture system is considered in this chapter. An alternative plant configuration without reflux is adopted with the aim of reducing the consumption of steam in the reboiler. Then, the most important operating parameters are described in detail. After the rich solvent characterization, the effect of the packing height on the reboiler duty and the column diameter is analyzed. Due to the impossibility to use the classic minimum and effective stripping agent design approach, a criterion for the definition of the stripper packing height based on the analysis of the liquid temperature gradient profiles is proposed.

References

  1. 1.
    Rao AB, Rubin ES (2002) A technical, economic, and environmental assessment of amine-based CO2 capture technology for power plant greenhouse gas control. Environ Sci Technol 36(20):4467–4475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang Q, Turton R, Bhattacharyya D (2016) Development of model and model-predictive control of an MEA-based postcombustion CO2 capture process. Ind Eng Chem Res 55(5):1292–1308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Neveaux T, Le Moullec Y, Corriou JP et al (2013) Energy performance of CO2 capture processes: interaction between process design and solvent. Chem Eng Trans 35:337–342Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Singh D, Croiset E, Douglas PL et al (2003) Techno-economic study of CO2 capture from an existing coal-fired power plant: MEA scrubbing vs O2/CO2 recycle combustion. Energy Convers Manage 44(19):3073–3091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nittaya T, Douglas PL, Croiset E et al (2013) Dynamic modeling and evaluation of an industrial-scale CO2 capture plant using monoethanolamine absorption processes. Ind Eng Chem Res 53(28):11411–11426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Madeddu C, Errico M, Baratti R (2018) Process analysis for the carbon dioxide chemical absorption-regeneration system. Appl Energy 215:532–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alie C, Backham L, Croiset E et al (2005) Simulation of CO2 capture using MEA scrubbing: a flowsheet decomposition method. Energy Convers Manage 46(3):475–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Abu-Zahra MRM, Schneiders LHJ, Niederer JPM et al (2007) CO2 capture from power plants: Part I. A parametric study of the technical performance based on monoethanolamine. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 1(1):37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Seader JD, Henley EJ, Koper DK (2010) Separation process principles: chemical and biochemical operations. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sinnott RK (2005) Coulson & Richardson’s chemical engineering volume 6—Chemical engineering design. Elsevier Butterworth-HeinemannGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    de Miguel Mercader F, Magneschi G, Fernander ES et al (2012) Integration between a demo size post-combustion CO2 capture and full size plant. An integral approach on energy penalty for different process options. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 11S:S102–S113Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kang CA, Brandt AR, Durlofsky LJ et al (2016) Assessment of advanced solvent-based post-combustion CO2 capture processes using a bi-objective optimization technique. Appl Energy 179:1209–1219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Oexmann J, Kather A (2009) Post-combustion CO2 capture in coal-fired power plants: comparison of integrated chemical absorption processes with piperazine promoted potassium carbonate and MEA. Energy Procedia 1(1):799–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Freguia S (2002) Modeling of CO2 removal from flue gases with monoethanolamine. Dissertation, The University of Texas at AustinGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Alie C (2004) CO2 capture with MEA: integrating the absorption process and steam cycle of an existing coal-fired power plant. Dissertation, University of WaterlooGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Davis J, Rochelle GT (2009) Thermal degradation of monoethanolamine at stripper conditions. Energy Procedia 1(1):327–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio Madeddu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Massimiliano Errico
    • 2
  • Roberto Baratti
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Chimica e dei Materiali, Università di CagliariCagliariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Chimica e dei MaterialiUniversità di CagliariCagliariItaly

Personalised recommendations