Cultural and Ethnic Perspectives on Enhancing Resilience in Aging
This chapter shows that comprehensive research on resilience and aging would benefit from an examination and inclusion of cultural and ethnic perspectives relevant to older people. It shows the heterogeneity in resilience of older people as well as the cultural and ethnic perspectives in what older people will need addressed to be resilient in their lives. It also reveals that the older individual within a cultural or ethnic group is not a common stereotype, but still much their own person. Health and human service providers who interact with an older person must adjust their responses to that individual by taking into consideration the person’s level of resilience, culture, and ethnicity. More research in cultural and ethno-gerontology is required in order to better understand the diverse aging population and their current resilience and future needs. Forthcoming research on resilience and aging would benefit from a comprehensive and systematic approach by navigating the multi- dimensional perspectives of resilience at the individual, community, and cultural levels for intervention.
KeywordsCulture Resilience Traits Characteristics Cultural sensitivity Aging
- Baltes, P. B., & Baltes, M. M. (1990). Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation. In P. B. Baltes & M. M. Baltes (Eds.), Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences (pp. 1–34). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bauman, S., Harrison, A., & Waldo, M. (2001). Resilience in the oldest-old. Retrieved March 19, 2009, from Health Care Industry, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3934/is_200110/ai_n8959937.
- Blanco, M., Yee-Melichar, D., Boyle, A., & Routt, K. (2016). OMH health equity fellowship: RHEC IX Elderly Health Disparities Project at SF State Gerontology. Gerontologist, 56(S3).Google Scholar
- Fry, C. (1997). Cross-cultural perspectives on aging. In K. Ferraro (Ed.), Gerontology: Perspectives and issues (pp. 138–152). New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
- Gilbert, S. (1999). Study upbeat on resilience of elderly. New York Times: Women’s Health. Retrieved March 28, 2009, from http://www.nytimes.com/specials/women/archive/980203_96.html.
- Gunnestad, A. (2006). Resilience in a cross-cultural perspective: How resilience in generated in different cultures. In A. Jens (Ed.). Retrieved from http://www.immi.se/intercultural/nr11/gunnestad.html.
- Hawkley, S., et al. (2005). Stress, aging and resilience: Can accrued wear and tear be slowed? Canadian Psychology, 46(3), 115–125. Retrieved from http://psychology.uchicago.edu/people/faculty/cacioppo/jtcreprints/hbemmc05.pdf.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Holzberg, C. (1982). Ethnicity and aging: Anthropological perspectives on more than just the minority elderly. The Gerontologist, 22(3), 249–257. Retrieved from http://0-ejournals.ebsco.com.opac.sfsu.edu/Article.asp?ContributionID=19839628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kahn, C. B., Reinschmidt, K., Teufel-Shone, N., Oré, C. E., Henson, M., & Attakai, A. (2016). American Indian Elders’ resilience: Sources of strength for building a healthy future for youth. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 23(3), 117–133. https://doi.org/10.5820/aian.2303.2016.117.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kim, J., Kim, M., Han, A., & Chin, S. (2015). The importance of culturally meaningful activity for health benefits among older Korean immigrant living in the United States. International Journal of Qualitative Studies On Health and Well-Being, 10(1), 27501. https://doi.org/10.3402/qhw.v10.27501.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Kwong, K., Du, Y., & Xu, Q. (n.d.). Healthy aging of minority and immigrant populations: Resilience in late life. Traumatology (2015).Google Scholar
- LaFerriere, R. H., & Hamel-Bissell, B. P. (1994). Successful aging of oldest old women in the Northeast Kingdom of Vermont. IMAGE: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 26, 319–323.Google Scholar
- Lewis, J. (2008). Preserving our future. The role of elders in the cultural resilience of native communities. Retrieved from http://elders.uaa.alaska.edu/powerpoints/elder-resilience_lewis.pdf.
- Moody, H. (1998). Cross-cultural geriatric ethics: Negotiating our differences. Generations, 22(3), 32. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.
- Neary, S. R. (1997). Room to maneuver: Preserving choice in resilient old age. Doctoral Dissertation, Boston College. Dissertation Abstracts International, 58-12B, AAG9818636.Google Scholar
- Pearson, D. M., Kim, H. S., & Sherman, D. K. (2009). Culture, social support, and coping with bereavement for Asians and Asian Americans. Diversity Issues in Thanatology, 35(2).Google Scholar
- Periyakoil, V. (2010). Health and health care of Chinese American older adults. Stanford School of Medicine. Retrieved 24 October, 2017, from http://geriatrics.stanford.edu/ethnomed/chinese.
- Stutman, S., Baruch, R., Grotberg, E., & Rathore, Z. (2002). Resilience in Latino Youth. Working Paper, Institute for Mental Health Initiatives. Washington, DC: The George Washington University.Google Scholar
- Talsma, A. M. (1995). Evaluation of a theoretical model of resilience and select predictors of resilience in a sample of community-based elderly. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan. Dissertation Abstracts International, 56-08B, AA19542967.Google Scholar
- Vahia, I. (2008). Resilience in aging. Healthwise, 26(8). Retrieved March 18, 2009, from http://www.sira.ucsd.edu.
- Yin, S. (2006). Elderly white men afflicted with high suicide rates. Population Reference Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.stormfront.org/forum/showthread.php?t=492316.
- Yoo, G., Musselman, E., Lee, Y., & Yee-Melichar, D. (2014). Addressing health disparities among older Asian Americans: Data and diversity. Generations-Journal of The American Society On Aging, 38(4), 74–81.Google Scholar