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Call Attention to Rumors: Deep Attention Based Recurrent Neural Networks for Early Rumor Detection

  • Tong ChenEmail author
  • Xue Li
  • Hongzhi Yin
  • Jun Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11154)

Abstract

The proliferation of social media in communication and information dissemination has made it an ideal platform for spreading rumors. Automatically debunking rumors at their stage of diffusion is known as early rumor detection, which refers to dealing with sequential posts regarding disputed factual claims with certain variations and highly textual duplication over time. Thus, identifying trending rumors demands an efficient yet flexible model that is able to capture long-range dependencies among postings and produce distinct representations for the accurate early detection. However, it is a challenging task to apply conventional classification algorithms to rumor detection in earliness since they rely on hand-crafted features which require intensive manual efforts in the case of large amount of posts. This paper presents a deep attention model based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs) to selectively learn temporal representations of sequential posts for rumor identification. The proposed model delves soft-attention into the recurrence to simultaneously pool out distinct features with particular focus and produce hidden representations that capture contextual variations of relevant posts over time. Extensive experiments on real datasets collected from social media websites demonstrate that the deep attention based RNN model outperforms state-of-the-art baselines by detecting rumors more quickly and accurately than competitors.

Keywords

Early rumor detection Recurrent neural networks Deep attention models 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Swinburne University of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia

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