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Recent Advances in Flexible Supercapacitors

  • Swati Jadhav
  • Vikash Chaturvedi
  • Manjusha V. ShelkeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 24)

Abstract

Flexible devices are shock absorbent, unbreakable, light in weight, smaller in dimension, and come at a lower cost. These exceptional properties of the flexible devices are catalyst for the continuous development of stretchable nanostructured materials to address the related challenges such as structure complexity. Similar to flexible electronic devices, the energy storage devices are also an essential part of such system and parallel work going on to develop the electrochemical flexible energy storage system such as flexible batteries and supercapacitors. In the flexible electronic devices such as microsensors, biomedical devices, and wearable electronic suits, flexible supercapacitors (FSCs) can be easily embedded as an essential part working as a powerhouse. However, the technology is still at the early stage of lab research, and thus exploring novel approaches remains an urgent academic and industrial challenge.

This chapter covers all the important parameters related to the energy storage mechanism and constructional details of flexible SC electrodes. The chapter includes a brief review on frequently used nanostructured electrode materials for all kind of SC electrodes based on recently reported literature. A separate section provides mechanistic insight into the role of gel electrolyte for solid-state device fabrication. The further detailed classification of FSCs has been provided on the basis of design schematic and fabrication process by highlighting the importance of different components responsible for mechanical flexibility. Cost-effective materials and construction processes and their electrochemical performances have been covered with technical discussion targeting to present and future design prospect of FSCs. Hence the chapter explores the ideas of paramount importance to meet the stringent requirements for the applications mentioned above, related to design and fabrication of stretchable electrodes to improve the performance of state-of-the-art SCs.

Keywords

Electrochemical energy storage Nanostructured materials Gel electrolyte Flexible supercapacitor Freestanding electrode Wearable electronic devices 

Abbreviations

AC

Activated Carbon

BC

Bacterial Cellulose

CD

Charge-Discharge

CF

Carbon Fibers

CNF

Carbon Nanofiber

CNT

Carbon Nanotubes

CV

Cyclic Voltammetry

EDLC

Electric Double-Layer Capacitor

FSCs

Flexible Supercapacitors

GCF

Graphene Cellulose Paper

GNF

Graphene Nanofiber

GO

Graphene Oxide

IS

Impedance Spectroscopy

LED

Light-Emitting Diode

MWCNT

Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

NW

Nanowires

PDMS

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)

PEDOT

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)

PErGO

Porous Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide

PET

Poly(ethylene terephthalate)

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PPy

Polypyrrole

PSS

Polystyrene Sulfonate

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)

PVA

Polyvinyl Alcohol

PVDF

Polyvinylidene fluoride

rGO

Reduced Graphene Oxide

SCs

Supercapacitors

SEM

Scanning Electron Microscopy

SSA

Specific Surface Area

SWCNT

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

TEM

Transmission Electron Microscopy

XPS

Photoelectron Spectroscopy

XRD

X-ray Diffraction

Notes

Acknowledgments

Swati Jadhav is thankful to SERB for the National Postdoctoral Fellowship (PDF/2017/000388). Vikash Chaturvedi is thankful to DST Nano Mission project (GAP-314126) for funding. All the authors acknowledge the contribution of CSIR NCL for the facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swati Jadhav
    • 1
  • Vikash Chaturvedi
    • 1
  • Manjusha V. Shelke
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.B101, Polymer and Advanced Materials Laboratory, Physical & Material’s Chemistry DivisionCSIR-National Chemical LaboratoryPuneIndia

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