Recent Progress of Carbon Dioxide Conversion into Renewable Fuels and Chemicals Using Nanomaterials

  • Harisekhar MittaEmail author
  • Putrakumar Balla
  • Nagaraju Nekkala
  • Krishna Murthy Bhaskara
  • Rajender Boddula
  • Vijyakumar Kannekanti
  • Ramachandra Rao Kokkerapati
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 24)


Currently, global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) have caused serious issues with environmental contamination and global warming. Thus, for the sustained development of a clean society, the highly efficient conversion of CO2 into renewable liquid fuels and chemicals via greenery and novel chemical processes is very desirable. This chapter provides an overview of recent developments in efficient nanomaterial-based catalysts, which have led to several discoveries in the catalytic conversion of CO2 into desired liquid fuels and chemicals. Various technologies are also summarized, such as photochemical and electrochemical CO2 conversion. These two processes have received great attention because their prospective pathways can diminish the amount of atmospheric CO2. In this chapter, recent research advances on the nanostructure catalysts and the general parameters for CO2 conversion. Further increases in the selective formation of various desired reductive products, such as HCOOH/HCOO, CO, CH3OH, CH3CH2OH, CH4, and C2H4, are also presented. An understanding of these topics is necessary to design novel nanomaterial catalysts for the efficient and selective reduction of CO2.


CO2 conversion Liquid fuel chemicals Electrochemical Photochemical Advanced nanostructure materials Cu TiO2 g-C3N4 



We acknowledge the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India, for financial support.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harisekhar Mitta
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Putrakumar Balla
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nagaraju Nekkala
    • 2
  • Krishna Murthy Bhaskara
    • 3
  • Rajender Boddula
    • 4
  • Vijyakumar Kannekanti
    • 5
  • Ramachandra Rao Kokkerapati
    • 6
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of CatalysisDalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesDalianChina
  2. 2.Catalysis DivisionCSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical TechnologyHyderabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsSVM Degree CollegeGadwal, TelanganaIndia
  4. 4.CAS-Key Laboratory of Nano-System and Hierarchical FabricationNational Centre for Nanoscience and TechnologyBeijingChina
  5. 5.College of Chemistry, Key Laboratory Physics and Technology of Ministry of EducationSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  6. 6.Crystal Growth and Nano-Science Research Center, Department of PhysicsGovernment Autonomous CollegeRajamahendravaramIndia

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