The Boltzmann Equation
We are concerned with experiments in which the effects of collisions must be treated on an equal basis with the effects of external fields. Hence, we cannot simply add a collisional damping term to Newton’s equations of motion for a single particle. Instead, we take the 1872 equation of Ludwig Edward Boltzmann (1844–1906) as the fundamental kinetic equation for an ion swarm.
- R.E. Robson, R. White, M. Hildebrandt, Fundamentals of Charged Particle Transport in Gases and Condensed Matter (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2018)Google Scholar