Advertisement

Surface Plasmon-Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalyst

  • Mohammad Ehtisham Khan
  • Moo Hwan Cho
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 25)

Abstract

In recent era, plasmonic photocatalysts have facilitated rapid progress in improving the photocatalytic efficiency under visible light irradiation, increasing the prospect of using sunlight for environmental and energy applications, such as wastewater treatment, water splitting, and carbon dioxide reduction. Plasmonic photocatalysis makes use of noble metal NPs dispersed in semiconductor photocatalysts and has two prominent features, a Schottky junction and localized SPR effect. With the advances in fundamental and experimental studies on plasmon-mediated photocatalysis, the rational design and synthesis of metal/semiconductor and carbon-based hybrid nanostructures as photocatalysts have been realized. This chapter highlights a recently reported and easy methodology for the fabrication of SPR-based materials and its real developments in plasmon-mediated photocatalytic mechanisms, such as Schottky junctions, direct electron transfer, enhanced local electric field, plasmon resonant energy transfer, and scattering and heating effects. In addition, this chapter also summarizes the factors, size, shape, geometry, loading, and composition of plasmonic metal, as well as the nanostructure and properties of semiconductors that mainly affect the photodegradation of dyes. Finally, a perspective on future directions within this rich field of research is provided.

Keywords

Metal nanoparticles Au and Ag Surface plasmon resonance Visible light Photocatalysis Water treatment 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study was supported by the Priority Research Centers Program by Basic Science Research Program (Grant No: 2015R1D1A3A03018029) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean Ministry of Education.

References

  1. Ahmad A, Mohd-Setapar SH, Chuong CS, Khatoon A, Wani WA, Kumar R et al (2015) Recent advances in new generation dye removal technologies: novel search for approaches to reprocess wastewater. RSC Adv 5(39):30801–30818.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4RA16959J CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burda C, Chen X, Narayanan R, El-Sayed MA (2005) Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes. Chem Rev 105(4):1025–1102.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030063a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camarero L, Peche R, Merino JM, Rodríguez E (2003) Photo-assisted oxidation of indigocarmine in an acid medium. Environ Eng Sci 20(4):281–287.  https://doi.org/10.1089/109287503322148555 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang DE, Sørensen AS, Demler EA, Lukin MD (2007) A single-photon transistor using nanoscale surface plasmons. Nat Phys 3(11):807.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys708 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chong MN, Jin B, Chow CW, Saint C (2010) Recent developments in photocatalytic water treatment technology: a review. Water Res 44(10):2997–3027.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.02.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clavero C (2014) Plasmon-induced hot-electron generation at nanoparticle/metal-oxide interfaces for photovoltaic and photocatalytic devices. Nat Photonics 8(2):95.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2013.238 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daniel M-C, Astruc D (2004) Gold nanoparticles: assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology. Chem Rev 104(1):293–346.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030698+ CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fuku K, Hayashi R, Takakura S, Kamegawa T, Mori K, Yamashita H (2013) The synthesis of size-and color-controlled silver nanoparticles by using microwave heating and their enhanced catalytic activity by localized surface Plasmon resonance. Angew Chem Int Ed 52(29):7446–7450.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201301652 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gramotnev DK, Bozhevolnyi SI (2010) Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit. Nat Photonics 4(2):83.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2009.282 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haruta M (2005) Catalysis: gold rush. Nature 437(7062):1098.  https://doi.org/10.1038/4371098a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hashmi ASK, Hutchings GJ (2006) Gold catalysis. Angew Chem Int Ed 45(47):7896–7936.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200602454 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. He L, Freeman HS, Lu L, Zhang S (2011) Spectroscopic study of anthraquinone dye/amphiphile systems in binary aqueous/organic solvent mixtures. Dyes Pigments 91(3):389–395.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2011.05.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hou W, Cronin SB (2013) A review of surface plasmon resonance-enhanced photocatalysis. Adv Funct Mater 23(13):1612–1619.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201202148 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiang R, Li B, Fang C, Wang J (2014) Metal/semiconductor hybrid nanostructures for plasmon-enhanced applications. Adv Mater 26(31):5274–5309.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201400203 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jie R, Guo G, Zhao W, An S (2013) Preparation and photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange of nano-powder TiO2 by hydrothermal method supported on activated carbon. J Synth Cryst 42:2144–2149.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4391 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kalathil S, Lee J, Cho MH (2011) Electrochemically active biofilm-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles in water. Green Chem 13(6):1482–1485.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C1GC15309A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kale MJ, Avanesian T, Christopher P (2013) Direct photocatalysis by plasmonic nanostructures. ACS Catal 4(1):116–128.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cs400993w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kelly KL, Coronado E, Zhao LL, Schatz GC (2003) The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment. ACS Publications DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp026731y
  19. Khan MM, Kalathil S, Lee J-T, Cho M-H (2012) Synthesis of cysteine capped silver nanoparticles by electrochemically active biofilm and their antibacterial activities. Bull Kor Chem Soc 33(8):2592–2596.  https://doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2012.33.8.2592 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Khan MM, Kalathil S, Han TH, Lee J, Cho MH (2013) Positively charged gold nanoparticles synthesized by electrochemically active biofilm—a biogenic approach. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 13(9):6079–6085.  https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2013.7666 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Khan MM, Ansari SA, Khan ME, Ansari MO, Min B-K, Cho MH (2015a) Visible light-induced enhanced photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic studies of gold decorated SnO2 nanostructures. New J Chem 39(4):2758–2766.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4NJ02245A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Khan ME, Khan MM, Cho MH (2015b) Green synthesis, photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical performance of an Au–Graphene nanocomposite. RSC Adv 5(34):26897–26904.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA01864A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Khan ME, Khan MM, Cho MH (2015c) Biogenic synthesis of a Ag–graphene nanocomposite with efficient photocatalytic degradation, electrical conductivity and photoelectrochemical performance. New J Chem 39(10):8121–8129.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5NJ01320H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Khan ME, Khan MM, Cho MH (2016) Fabrication of WO3 nanorods on graphene nanosheets for improved visible light-induced photocapacitive and photocatalytic performance. RSC Adv 6(25):20824–20833.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA24575C CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kochuveedu ST, Jang YH, Kim DH (2013) A study on the mechanism for the interaction of light with noble metal-metal oxide semiconductor nanostructures for various photophysical applications. Chem Soc Rev 42(21):8467–8493.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3CS60043B CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lang X, Chen X, Zhao J (2014) Heterogeneous visible light photocatalysis for selective organic transformations. Chem Soc Rev 43(1):473–486.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3CS60188A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lettmann C, Hinrichs H, Maier WF (2001) Combinatorial discovery of new photocatalysts for water purification with visible light. Angew Chem Int Ed 40(17):3160–3164. https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3773(20010903)40:17<3160::AID-ANIE3160>3.0.CO;2-Z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lim P, Liu R, She P, Hung C, Shih H (2006) Synthesis of Ag nanospheres particles in ethylene glycol by electrochemical-assisted polyol process. Chem Phys Lett 420(4–6):304–308.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2005.12.075 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Linic S, Christopher P, Ingram DB (2011) Plasmonic-metal nanostructures for efficient conversion of solar to chemical energy. Nat Mater 10(12):911.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3151 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Linic S, Aslam U, Boerigter C, Morabito M (2015) Photochemical transformations on plasmonic metal nanoparticles. Nat Mater 14(6):567.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4281 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Link S, El-Sayed MA (2000) Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals. Int Rev Phys Chem 19(3):409–453.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01442350050034180 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Liu Z, Hou W, Pavaskar P, Aykol M, Cronin SB (2011) Plasmon resonant enhancement of photocatalytic water splitting under visible illumination. Nano Lett 11(3):1111–1116.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nl104005n CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Liz-Marzán LM (2006) Tailoring surface plasmons through the morphology and assembly of metal nanoparticles. Langmuir 22(1):32–41.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la0513353 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Muhd Julkapli N, Bagheri S, Bee Abd Hamid S (2014) Recent advances in heterogeneous photocatalytic decolorization of synthetic dyes. Sci World J 2014.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/692307
  35. Nayak AK, Das AK, Pradhan D (2017) High performance solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor using green synthesized graphene–WO3 nanowires nanocomposite. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 5(11):10128–10138.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02135 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ni M, Leung MK, Leung DY, Sumathy K (2007) A review and recent developments in photocatalytic water-splitting using TiO2 for hydrogen production. Renew Sust Energ Rev 11(3):401–425.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2005.01.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Priebe JB, Radnik J r, Lennox AJ, Pohl M-M, Karnahl M, Hollmann D et al (2015) Solar hydrogen production by plasmonic Au–TiO2 catalysts: impact of synthesis protocol and TiO2 phase on charge transfer efficiency and H2 evolution rates. ACS Catal 5(4):2137–2148.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cs5018375 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rayalu SS, Jose D, Joshi MV, Mangrulkar PA, Shrestha K, Klabunde K (2013) Photocatalytic water splitting on Au/TiO2 nanocomposites synthesized through various routes: enhancement in photocatalytic activity due to SPR effect. Appl Catal B Environ 142:684–693.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2013.05.057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Salleh MAM, Mahmoud DK, Karim WAWA, Idris A (2011) Cationic and anionic dye adsorption by agricultural solid wastes: a comprehensive review. Desalination 280(1–3):1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.07.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sarina S, Waclawik ER, Zhu H (2013) Photocatalysis on supported gold and silver nanoparticles under ultraviolet and visible light irradiation. Green Chem 15(7):1814–1833.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3GC40450A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sharma VK, Yngard RA, Lin Y (2009) Silver nanoparticles: green synthesis and their antimicrobial activities. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 145(1–2):83–96.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2008.09.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sun Y, Xia Y (2002) Shape-controlled synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles. Science 298(5601):2176–2179.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1077229 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang JL, Xu LJ (2012) Advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment: formation of hydroxyl radical and application. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 42(3):251–325.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2010.507698 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang M, Chamberland N, Breau L, Moser J-E, Humphry-Baker R, Marsan B et al (2010) An organic redox electrolyte to rival triiodide/iodide in dye-sensitized solar cells. Nat Chem 2(5):385.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nchem.610 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang P, Huang B, Dai Y, Whangbo M-H (2012a) Plasmonic photocatalysts: harvesting visible light with noble metal nanoparticles. Phys Chem Chem Phys 14(28):9813–9825.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CP40823F CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang Z, Liu J, Chen W (2012b) Plasmonic Ag/AgBr nanohybrid: synergistic effect of SPR with photographic sensitivity for enhanced photocatalytic activity and stability. Dalton Trans 41(16):4866–4870.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C2DT12089E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Warren SC, Thimsen E (2012) Plasmonic solar water splitting. Energy Environ Sci 5(1):5133–5146.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C1EE02875H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. William L IV, Kostedt I, Ismail AA, Mazyck DW (2008) Impact of heat treatment and composition of ZnO−TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic oxidation of an azo dye. Ind Eng Chem Res 47(5):1483–1487.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie071255p CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yee C, Scotti M, Ulman A, White H, Rafailovich M, Sokolov J (1999) One-phase synthesis of thiol-functionalized platinum nanoparticles. Langmuir 15(13):4314–4316.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la9814283 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yu J, Zhang J, Jaroniec M (2010) Preparation and enhanced visible-light photocatalytic H 2-production activity of CdS quantum dots-sensitized Zn1−xCdxS solid solution. Green Chem 12(9):1611–1614.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C0GC00236D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yu J, Ma T, Liu G, Cheng B (2011) Enhanced photocatalytic activity of bimodal mesoporous titania powders by C60 modification. Dalton Trans 40(25):6635–6644.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C1DT10274E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zeitler K (2009) Photoredox catalysis with visible light. Angew Chem Int Ed 48(52):9785–9789.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200904056 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang J, Li S, Wu J, Schatz GC, Mirkin CA (2009) Plasmon-mediated synthesis of silver triangular bipyramids. Angew Chem 121(42):7927–7931.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ange.200903380 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang N, Liu S, Xu Y-J (2012) Recent progress on metal core@semiconductor shell nanocomposites as a promising type of photocatalyst. Nanoscale 4(7):2227–2238.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C2NR00009A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhang X, Chen YL, Liu R-S, Tsai DP (2013) Plasmonic photocatalysis. Rep Prog Phys 76(4):046401.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/76/4/046401 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhang N, Ciriminna R, Pagliaro M, Xu Y-J (2014) Nanochemistry-derived Bi2WO6 nanostructures: towards production of sustainable chemicals and fuels induced by visible light. Chem Soc Rev 43(15):5276–5287.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4CS00056K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhu H, Ke X, Yang X, Sarina S, Liu H (2010) Reduction of nitroaromatic compounds on supported gold nanoparticles by visible and ultraviolet light. Angew Chem 122(50):9851–9855.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ange.201003908 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ehtisham Khan
    • 1
  • Moo Hwan Cho
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyBCC, Jazan UniversityJazanSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations