Advertisement

Biological Effects of Green-Synthesized Metal Nanoparticles: A Mechanistic View of Antibacterial Activity and Cytotoxicity

  • Suresh K. Verma
  • Ealisha Jha
  • Pritam Kumar Panda
  • Arun Thirumurugan
  • Mrutyunjay Suar
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 25)

Abstract

Recent advancements in nanotechnology have pushed the boundary of nanomaterial studies and their applications so far that almost each and every aspect of science is looking for their application based on them. The extensive studies and industrial applications have raised demand for nanomaterial in leaps and bounds. To fulfill the demand, new strategies for their synthesis and industrial preparation have been discovered and applied. However, the logarithmic expansion of production of nanomaterials, especially metal and metal oxide nanomaterials, has slowly raised the issue of their toxicity and biocompatibility with respect to ecosystems and human health. Traditional synthesis of nanomaterials by chemical and physical synthesis procedures has been reported to impose higher toxicity on both ecosystems and human health. There are regular quests for new methods to discover biocompatible nanomaterials. In view of the above facts, green synthesis of nanomaterials, using biological agents, has been shown to be a solution to this issue. However, to address this issue, discussion about their detailed biological effects is urgently needed. To illuminate these concerns, this chapter provides a brief review of the current strategies for green synthesis of nanomaterials, especially focusing on metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and their detail mechanisms of biological effects in view of their antibacterial efficacy and cytotoxicity.

Keywords

Green synthesis Metal oxide nanoparticles Antibacterial activity Cytotoxicity 

References

  1. Abdul H, Sivaraj R, Venckatesh R (2014) Green synthesis and characterization of zinc oxide nanoparticles from Ocimum basilicum L. var. purpurascens Benth.-Lamiaceae leaf extract. Mater Lett 131:16–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2014.05.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahamed M, Karns M, Goodson M, Rowe J, Hussain SM, Schlager JJ, Hong YL (2008) DNA damage response to different surface chemistry of silver nanoparticles in mammalian cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 233:404–410.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2008.09.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahamed M, Siddiqui M, Akhtar M, Ahmad I, Pant A, Alhadlaq H (2010) Genotoxic potential of copper oxide nanoparticles in human lung epithelial cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 296:578–583.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.04.156 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahamed M, Akhtar MJ, Raja M, Ahmad I, Siddiqui MKJ, AlSalhi MS, Alrokayan SA (2011) ZnO nanorod–induced apoptosis in human alveolar adenocarcinoma cells via p53, survivin and bax/bcl-2 pathways: role of oxidative stress. Nanomed Nanotechnol Biol Med 7:904–913.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2011.04.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ali K et al (2016) Aloe vera extract functionalized zinc oxide nanoparticles as nanoantibiotics against multi-drug resistant clinical bacterial isolates. J Colloid Interface Sci 472:145–156Google Scholar
  6. Alshatwi AA, Vaiyapuri Subbarayan P, Ramesh E, Al-Hazzani AA, Alsaif MA, Alwarthan AA (2012) Al2O3 nanoparticles induce mitochondria-mediated cell death and upregulate the expression of signaling genes in human mesenchymal stem cells. J Biochem Mol Toxicol 26:469–476.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jbt.21448 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Anbuvannan M, Ramesh M, Viruthagiri G, Shanmugam N (2015a) Anisochilus carnosus leaf extract mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles for antibacterial and photocatalytic activities. Mater Sci Semicond Process 39:621–628.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Anbuvannan M, Ramesh M, Viruthagiri G, Shanmugam N, Kannadasan N (2015b) Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanoparticles prepared by biological method. Spectrochim Acta – Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 143:304–308.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2015.01.124 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Arora S, Jain J, Rajwade JM, Paknikar KM (2008) Cellular responses induced by silver nanoparticles: in vitro studies. Toxicol Lett 179:93–100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2008.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. AshaRani P, Mun G, Hande M, Valiyaveettil S (2009) Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in human cells. ACS Nano 3:279–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Astruc D, Lu F, Aranzaes JR (2005) Nanoparticles as recyclable catalysts: the frontier between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Angew Chem – Int Ed 44:7852–7872.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200500766 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Awwad A, Salem N (2012) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by mulberry leaves extract. Nanosci Nanotechnol 2:125–128Google Scholar
  13. Awwad AM, Salem NM, Abdeen AO (2012) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Olea europaea leaves extract and its antibacterial activity. Nanosci Nanotechnol 2:164–170Google Scholar
  14. Azizi S, Mohamad R, Bahadoran A, Bayat S, Rahim RA, Ariff A, Saad WZ (2016) Effect of annealing temperature on antimicrobial and structural properties of bio-synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles using flower extract of Anchusa italica. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 161:441–449.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.06.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Badapanda T et al (2015) Optical and dielectric study of strontium modified barium zirconium titanate ceramic prepared by high energy ball milling. J Alloys Compd 645:586–596Google Scholar
  16. Baek S, Joo SH, Kumar N, Toborek M (2017) Antibacterial effect and toxicity pathways of industrial and sunscreen ZnO nanoparticles on Escherichia coli. J Environ Chem Eng 5:3024–3032.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.06.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bai H, Zhang Z, Guo Y, Jia W (2009) Biological synthesis of size-controlled cadmium sulfide nanoparticles using immobilized Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Nanoscale Res Lett 4:717–723.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11671-009-9303-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bankar A, Joshi B, Kumar AR, Zinjarde S (2009) Banana peel extract mediated novel route for synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Colloid Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 368:58–63Google Scholar
  19. Banumathi B, Malaikozhundan B, Vaseeharan B (2016) In vitro acaricidal activity of ethnoveterinary plants and green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Vet Parasitol 216:93–100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.12.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bar H, Bhui DK, Sahoo GP, Sarkar P, De SP, Misra A (2009a) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using latex of Jatropha curcas. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 339:134–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bar H et al (2009b) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using seed extract of Jatropha curcas. Colloids Surfaces A Physicochem Eng Asp 348:212–216Google Scholar
  22. Bhattacharya K, Davoren M, Boertz J, Schins RP, Hoffmann E, Dopp E (2009) Titanium dioxide nanoparticles induce oxidative stress and DNA-adduct formation but not DNA-breakage in human lung cells. Part Fibre Toxicol 6:17.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8977-6-17 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Bisauriya R, Verma D, Goswami YC (2018) Optically important ZnS semiconductor nanoparticles synthesized using organic waste banana peel extract and their characterization. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 29:1868–1876.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-017-8097-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Braydich-Stolle L, Hussain S, Schlager JJ, Hofmann MC (2005) In vitro cytotoxicity of nanoparticles in mammalian germline stem cells. Toxicol Sci 88:412–419.  https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfi256 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cao H, Liu X (2010) Silver nanoparticles–modified films versus biomedical device–associated infections. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Nanomed Nanobiotechnol 2:670–684.  https://doi.org/10.1002/wnan.113 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cao M, Li Z, Wang J, Ge W, Yue T, Li R, Colvin VL, Yu WW (2012) Food related applications of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: enzyme immobilization, protein purification, and food analysis. Trends Food Sci Technol 27:47–56.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2012.04.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Carlson C, Hussein SM, Schrand AM, Braydich-Stolle LK, Hess KL, Jones RL, Schlager JJ (2008) Unique cellular interaction of silver nanoparticles: size-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species. J Phys Chem B 112:13608–13619.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp712087m CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Cha K, Hong HW, Choi YG, Lee MJ, Park JH, Chae HK, Ryu G, Myung H (2008) Comparison of acute responses of mice livers to short-term exposure to nano-sized or micro-sized silver particles. Biotechnol Lett 30:1893–1899.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10529-008-9786-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Chang J, Ichihara G, Shimada Y, Tada-Oikawa S, Kuroyanagi J, Zhang B, Suzuki Y, Sehsah R, Kato M, Tanaka T, Ichihara S (2015) Copper oxide nanoparticles reduce vasculogenesis in transgenic zebrafish through down-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression and induction of apoptosis. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 15:2140–2147.  https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.9762 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Chen L (2008) Manufactured aluminum oxide nanoparticles decrease expression of tight junction proteins in brain vasculature. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 3:286–295.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11481-008-9131-5.Manufactured CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Cho K, Wang X, Nie S, Chen ZGSD (2008) Therapeutic nanoparticles for drug delivery in cancer. Clin Cancer Res 14:1310–1316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Choi O, Hu Z (2008) Size dependent and reactive oxygen species related nanosilver toxicity to nitrifying bacteria. Environ Sci Technol 42:4583–4588.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es703238h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Çolak H, Karaköse E (2017) Green synthesis and characterization of nanostructured ZnO thin films using Citrus aurantifolia (lemon) peel extract by spin-coating method. J Alloys Compd 690:658–662.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.08.090 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. De Berardis B, Civitelli G, Condello M, Lista P, Pozzi R, Arancia G, Meschini S (2010) Exposure to ZnO nanoparticles induces oxidative stress and cytotoxicity in human colon carcinoma cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 246(3):116–127.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2010.04.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Delcroix GJR, Jacquart M, Lemaire L, Sindji L, Franconi F, Le Jeune JJ, Montero-Menei CN (2009) Mesenchymal and neural stem cells labeled with HEDP-coated SPIO nanoparticles: in vitro characterization and migration potential in rat brain. Brain Res 1255:18–31.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2008.12.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Deplanche K, Macaskie LE (2008) Biorecovery of gold by Escherichia coli and Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Biotechnol Bioeng 99:1055–1064.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.21688 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Dinesh D, Murugan K, Madhiyazhagan P, Panneerselvam C, Mahesh Kumar P, Nicoletti M, Jiang W, Benelli G, Chandramohan B, Suresh U (2015) Mosquitocidal and antibacterial activity of green-synthesized silver nanoparticles from Aloe vera extracts: towards an effective tool against the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi? Parasitol Res 114:1519–1529.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-015-4336-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Dobrucka R, Długaszewska J (2015) Biosynthesis and antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles using Trifolium pratense flower extract. Saudi J Biol Sci 517:523.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2015.05.016
  39. Dobrucka R, Długaszewska J (2016) Biosynthesis and antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles using Trifolium pratense flower extract. Saudi J Biol Sci 23:517–523.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2015.05.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Dubey SP, Lahtinen M, Sillanpaa M (2010) Green synthesis and characterization of silver and gold nanoparticles using leaf extract of Rosa rugosa. Colloid Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp. 364:34–41Google Scholar
  41. Durán N, Marcato PD, Conti RD, Alves OL, Costa FTM, Brocchi M (2010) Potential use of silver nanoparticles on pathogenic bacteria, their toxicity and possible mechanisms of action. J Braz Chem Soc 21:949–959.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532010000600002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Dwivedi AD, Gopal K (2010) Biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using Chenopodium album leaf extract. Colloids Surfaces A Physicochem Eng Asp 369:27–33Google Scholar
  43. Elumalai K, Velmurugan S (2015) Green synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activities of zinc oxide nanoparticles from the leaf extract of Azadirachta indica (L.). Appl Surf Sci 345:329–336Google Scholar
  44. Elumalai K, Velmurugan S, Ravi S, Kathiravan V, Adaikala Raj G (2015a) Bio-approach: plant mediated synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and their catalytic reduction of methylene blue and antimicrobial activity. Adv Powder Technol 26:1639–1651.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apt.2015.09.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Elumalai K, Velmurugan S, Ravi S, Kathiravan V, Ashokkumar S (2015b) Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera leaf extract and evaluation of its antimicrobial activity. Spectrochim Acta – Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 143:158–164.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2015.02.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Emeka EE, Ojiefoh OC, Aleruchi C, Hassan LA, Christiana OM, Rebecca M, Dare EO, Temitope AE (2014) Evaluation of antibacterial activities of silver nanoparticles green-synthesized using pineapple leaf (Ananas comosus). Micron 57:1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2013.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Fatimah I, Pradita RY, Nurfalinda A (2016) Plant extract mediated of ZnO nanoparticles by using ethanol extract of Mimosa pudica leaves and coffee powder. Procedia Eng 148:43–48.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.483 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Fu L, Fu Z (2015) Plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract–assisted biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles and their photocatalytic activity. Ceram Int 41:2492–2496.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.069 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Fu M, Li Q, Sun D, Lu Y, He N, Deng X, Wang H, Huang J (2006) Rapid preparation process of silver nanoparticles by bioreduction and their characterizations. Chinese J Chem Eng 14:114–117.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1004-9541(06)60046-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Gade A, Gaikwad S, Duran N, Rai M (2013) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Phoma glomerata. Micron 59:52–59.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2013.12.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Giri PK et al (2007) Correlation between microstructure and optical properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by ball milling. J Appl Phys 102:1–8Google Scholar
  52. Goyal A, Soni PR (2018) Functionally graded nanocrystalline silicon powders by mechanical alloying. Mater Lett 214:111–114Google Scholar
  53. Greulich C, Kittler S, Epple M, Muhr G, Koller M (2009) Studies on the biocompatibility and the interaction of silver nanoparticles with human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Langenbecks Arch Surg 394(3):495–502.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00423-009-0472-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Guan R, Kang T, Lu F, Zhang Z, Shen H, Liu M (2012) Cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, and genotoxicity in human hepatocyte and embryonic kidney cells exposed to ZnO nanoparticles. Nanoscale Res Lett 7:602.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1556-276X-7-602 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Hassan SSM, Abdel-Shafy HI, Mansour MSM (2016) Removal of pharmaceutical compounds from urine via chemical coagulation by green synthesized ZnO-nanoparticles followed by microfiltration for safe reuse. Arab J Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2016.04.009
  56. Hsin YH, Chen CF, Huang S, Shih TS, Lai PS, Chueh PJ (2008) The apoptotic effect of nanosilver is mediated by a ROS- and JNK-dependent mechanism involving the mitochondrial pathway in NIH3T3 cells. Toxicol Lett 179:130–139.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2008.04.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Huang J, Li Q, Sun D, Lu Y, Su Y, Yang X, Wang H, Wang Y, Shao W, He N, Hong J, Chen C (2007) Biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles by novel sundried Cinnamomum camphora leaf. Nanotechnology 18:105104.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/10/105104 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Hussain SM, Hess KL, Gearhart JM, Geiss KT, Schlager JJ (2005) In vitro toxicity of nanoparticles in BRL 3A rat liver cells. Toxicol Vitr 19:975–983.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2005.06.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hussain SM, Javorina AK, Schrand AM, Duhart HMHM, Ali SF, Schlager JJ (2006) The interaction of manganese nanoparticles with PC-12 cells induces dopamine depletion. Toxicol Sci 92:456–463.  https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfl020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Husseiny MI, El-Aziz MA, Badr Y, Mahmond MA (2007) Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles using Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Spectrochim Acta A 67:1003–1006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Jeng HA, Swanson J (2006) Toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles in mammalian cells. J Env Sci Heal A Tox Hazard Subst Env Eng 41:2699–2711.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10934520600966177 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Joerger R, Klaus T, Granqvist CG (2000) Biologically produced silver–carbon composite materials for optically functional thin-film coatings. Adv Mater 12:407–409. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4095(200003)12:6<407::AID-ADMA407>3.0.CO;2-O CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Jovanović B, Ji T, Palić D (2011) Gene expression of zebrafish embryos exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles and hydroxylated fullerenes. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 74:1518–1525.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.04.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Karnan T, Selvakumar SAS (2016) Biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) peel extract and their photocatalytic activity on methyl orange dye. J Mol Struct 1125:358–365Google Scholar
  65. Khodashenas B, Ghorbani HR (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles with different shapes. Arab J Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.12.014
  66. Kim JS, Kuk E, Yu KN, Kim JH, Park SJ, Lee HJ, Kim SH, Park YK, Park YH, Hwang CY, Kim YK, Lee YS, Jeong DH, Cho MH (2007) Antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles. Nanomedicine 3(1):95–101.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2006.12.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Kim YS, Kim JS, Cho HS, Rha DS, Kim JM, Park JD, Choi BS, Lim R, Chang HK, Chung YH, Kwon IH, Jeong J, Han BS, Yu IJ (2008) Twenty-eight-day oral toxicity, genotoxicity, and gender-related tissue distribution of silver nanoparticles in Sprague–Dawley rats. Inhal Toxicol 20:575–583.  https://doi.org/10.1080/08958370701874663 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kim SH, Lee HS, Ryu DS, Choi SJ, Lee DS (2011) Antibacterial activity of silver-nanoparticles against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Korean J Microbiol Biotechnol 39:77–85Google Scholar
  69. Kon K, Rai M (2013) Metallic nanoparticles: mechanism of antibacterial action and influencing factors. J Comp Clin Pathol Res 2:160–174Google Scholar
  70. Kouvaris P et al (2012) Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles produced using Arbutus Unedo leaf extract. Mater Lett 76:18–20Google Scholar
  71. Krishnaraj C et al (2010) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Acalypha indica leaf extracts and its antimicrobial activity against water borne pathogens. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 76:50–56Google Scholar
  72. Kumar PPNV, Shameem U, Kollu P, Kalyani RL, Pammi SVN (2015) Green synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles using Aloe vera leaf extract and its antibacterial activity against fish bacterial pathogens. BioNanoScience 5:135–139.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-015-0171-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Kumari M, Mukherjee A, Chandrasekaran N (2009) Genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in Allium cepa. Sci Total Environ 407:5243–5246.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.06.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lam C-W, James JT, McCluskey R, Hunter RL (2004) Pulmonary toxicity of single-wall carbon nanotubes in mice 7 and 90 days after intratracheal instillation. Toxicol Sci 77:126–134.  https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg243 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Lee JH, Jang JT, Choi JS, Moon SH, Noh SH, Kim JW, Kim JG, Kim IS, Park KI, Cheon J (2011) Exchange-coupled magnetic nanoparticles for efficient heat induction. Nat Nanotechnol 6:418–422.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2011.95 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Lengke MF, Fleet ME, Southam G (2007) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by filamentous cyanobacteria from a silver(I) nitrate complex. Langmuir 23:2694–2699.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la0613124 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Li CH, Shen CC, Cheng YW, Huang SH, Wu CC, Kao CC, Liao JW, Kang JJ (2012) Organ biodistribution, clearance, and genotoxicity of orally administered zinc oxide nanoparticles in mice. Nanotoxicology 6:746–756.  https://doi.org/10.3109/17435390.2011.620717 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Lin S, Zhao Y, Xia T, Meng H, Ji Z, Liu R, George S, Xiong S, Wang X, Zhang H, Pokhrel S, Mädler L, Damoiseaux R, Lin S, Nel AE (2011) High content screening in zebrafish speeds up hazard ranking of transition metal oxide nanoparticles. ACS Nano 5:7284–7295.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nn202116p CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Logeswari P, Silambarasan S, Abraham J (2015) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using plants extract and analysis of their antimicrobial property. J Saudi Chem Soc 19:311–317Google Scholar
  80. Loo YY, Chieng BW, Nishibuchi M, Radu S (2012) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using tea leaf extract from Camellia sinensis. Int J Nanomedicine 7:4263–4267Google Scholar
  81. Madan HR, Sharma SC, Udayabhanu SD, Vidya YS, Nagabhushana H, Rajanaik H, Anantharaju KS, Prashantha SC, Sadananda Maiya P (2016) Facile green fabrication of nanostructure ZnO plates, bullets, flower, prismatic tip, closed pine cone: their antibacterial, antioxidant, photoluminescent and photocatalytic properties. Spectrochim Acta – Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 152:404–416.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2015.07.067 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Mandal D, Bolander M, Mukhopadhyay D, Sarkar G, Mukherjee P (2006) The use of microorganisms for the formation of metal nanoparticles and their application. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 69:485–492.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-005-0179-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Manke A, Wang L, Rojanasakul Y (2013) Mechanisms of nanoparticle-induced oxidative stress and toxicity. Biomed Res Int 2013:1–15 942916.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/942916 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Marambio-Jones C, Hoek EMV (2010) A review of the antibacterial effects of silver nanomaterials and potential implications for human health and the environment. J Nanopart Res 12:1531–1551.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-010-9900-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Mariselvam R, Ranjitsingh AJA, Usha Raja Nanthini A, Kalirajan K, Padmalatha C, Mosae Selvakumar P (2014) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from the extract of the inflorescence of Cocos nucifera (family: Arecaceae) for enhanced antibacterial activity. Spectrochim Acta – Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 129:537–541.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.03.066 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. McQuillan JS, Groenaga Infante H, Stokes E, Shaw AM (2012) Silver nanoparticle enhanced silver ion stress response in Escherichia coli K12. Nanotoxicology 6:857–866.  https://doi.org/10.3109/17435390.2011.626532 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Miri A, Sarani M, Rezazade Bazaz M, Darroudi M (2015) Plant-mediated biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Prosopis farcta extract and its antibacterial properties. Spectrochim Acta – Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 141:287–291.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2015.01.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Mirzajani F, Ghassempour A, Aliahmadi A, Ali Esmaeili M (2011) Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Staphylococcus aureus. Res Microbiol 162:542–549.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resmic.2011.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mittal AK, Kaler A, Mulay AV, Banerjee UC (2013) Synthesis of gold nanoparticles using whole cells of Geotrichum candidum. J Nanopart 2013:150414.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/150414 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Momeni SS, Nasrollahzadeh M, Rustaiyan A (2016) Green synthesis of the cu/ZnO nanoparticles mediated by Euphorbia prolifera leaf extract and investigation of their catalytic activity. J Colloid Interface Sci 472:173–179Google Scholar
  91. Mukunthan KS, Balaji S (2012) Cashew apple juice (Anacardium occidentale L.) speeds up the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Int J Green Nanotechnol 4(2):71–79.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19430892.2012.676900 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Muñoz JE, Cervantes J, Esparza R, Rosas G (2007) Iron nanoparticles produced by high-energy ball milling. J Nanopart Res 9:945–950Google Scholar
  93. Murty BS, Ranganathan S (1998) Novel materials synthesis by mechanical alloying/milling. Metall Rev 43:101–141Google Scholar
  94. Nagajyothi PC, Cha SJ, Yang IJ, Sreekanth TVM, Kim KJ, Shin HM (2015) Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized using Polygala tenuifolia root extract. J Photochem Photobiol B-Biology 146:10–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.02.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Nair B, Pradeep T (2002) Coalescence of nanoclusters and formation of submicron crystallites assisted by Lactobacillus strains. Cryst Growth Des 2:293–298.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cg0255164 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Nangia Y, Wangoo N, Goyal N, Shekhawat G, Suri CR (2009) A novel bacterial isolate Stenotrophomonas maltophilia as living factory for synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Microb Cell Factories 8:39.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2859-8-39 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Naqvi S, Samim M, Abdin MZ, Ahmed FJ, Maitra AN, Prashant CK, Dinda AK (2010) Concentration-dependent toxicity of iron oxide nanoparticles mediated by increased oxidative stress. Int J Nanomedicine 5:983–989.  https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S13244 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Osman IF, Baumgartner A, Cemeli E, Fletcher JN, Anderson D (2010) Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in HEp-2 cells. Nanomedicine 5:1193–1203.  https://doi.org/10.2217/nnm.10.52 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Parashar V, Parashar R, Sharma B, Pandey AC (2009) Parthenium leaf extract mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: a novel approach towards weed utilization. Dig J Nanomater Biost 4:45–50Google Scholar
  100. Parashar SKS, Murty BS, Repp S, Weber S, Erdem E (2012) Investigation of intrinsic defects in core-shell structured ZnO nanocrystals. J Appl Phys 111Google Scholar
  101. Parikh RY, Singh S, Prasad BLV, Patole MS, Sastry M, Schouche YS (2008) Extracellular synthesis of crystalline silver nanoparticles and molecular evidence of silver resistance from Morganella sp.: towards understanding biochemical synthesis mechanism. Chembiochem 9:1415–1422.  https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.200700592 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Park E, Maaza M (2015) Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by Aspalathus linearis: structural & optical properties. J Alloys Compd 646:425–430.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.05.242 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Philip D (2010) Green synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Hibiscus rosa sinensis. Phys E 42:1417–1424.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2009.11.081 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Poopathi S, De Britto LJ, Praba VL, Mani C, Praveen M (2015) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Azadirachta indica—a most effective method for mosquito control. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:2956–2963.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3560-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Porada S, Sales BB, Hamelers HVM, Biesheuvel PM, Kar S, Bindal RC, Tewari PK, Shannon MA, Bohn PW, Elimelech M, Georgiadis JG, Marinas BJ, Mayes AM, Fornasiero F, Park HG, Holt JK, Stadermann M, Grigoropoulos CP, Noy A, Bakajin O, Humplik T, Lee J, O’hern SC, Fellman BA, Baig MA, Hassan SF, Atieh MA, Rahman F, Laoui T, Karnik R, Savage N, Diallo MS, Majumder M, Chopra N, Andrews R, Hinds BJ (2008) Nanomaterials and water purification: opportunities and challenges. Nature 7:1613–1618Google Scholar
  106. Prakasha P, Gnanaprakasama P, Emmanuela R, Arokiyarajb S, Saravananc M (2013) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from leaf extract of Mimusops elengi, Linn. for enhanced antibacterial activity against multi drug resistant clinical isolates. Colloids Surfaces B Biointerfaces 108:255–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Radziun E, Dudkiewicz Wilczyńska J, Książek I, Nowak K, Anuszewska EL, Kunicki A, Olszyna A, Zabkowski T (2011) Assessment of the cytotoxicity of aluminium oxide nanoparticles on selected mammalian cells. Toxicol In Vitro 25(8):1694–1700.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2011.07.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Raghupathi KR, Koodali RT, Manna AC (2011) Size-dependent bacterial growth inhibition and mechanism of antibacterial activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles. Langmuir Acs J Surfaces Colloids 27:4020–4028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Ramesh P, Kokila T, Geetha D (2015) Plant mediated green synthesis and antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles using Emblica officinalis fruit extract. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 142:339–343.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2015.01.062 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Reidy B, Haase A, Luch A, Dawson KA, Lynch I (2013) Mechanisms of silver nanoparticle release, transformation and toxicity: a critical review of current knowledge and recommendations for future studies and applications. Materials (Basel) 6:2295–2350.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ma6062295 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Saifuddin N, Wong CW, Nur Yasumira A (2009) Rapid biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using culture supernatant of bacteria with microwave irradiation. E-J Chem 6:61–70.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/734264 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Saxena A, Tripathi R, Zafar F, Singh P (2012) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous solution of Ficus benghalensis leaf extract and characterization of their antimicrobial activity. Mater Lett 67:91–94Google Scholar
  113. Schneider JJ, Hoffmann RC, Engstler J, Klyszcz A, Erdem E, Jakes P, Eichel RA, Pitta-Bauermann L, Bill J (2010) Synthesis, characterization, defect chemistry, and FET properties of microwave-derived nanoscaled zinc oxide. Chem Mater 22:2203–2212.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cm902300q CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Shankar SS, Ahmad A, Sastry M (2003) Geranium leaf assisted biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. Biotechnol Prog 19:1627–1631.  https://doi.org/10.1021/bp034070w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Sharma SC (2016) ZnO nano-flowers from Carica papaya milk: degradation of alizarin red-S dye and antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Optik (Stuttg) 127:6498–6512.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2016.04.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Sharma D, Sabela MI, Kanchi S, Mdluli PS, Singh G, Stenström TA, Bisetty K (2016) Biosynthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Jacaranda mimosifolia flowers extract: synergistic antibacterial activity and molecular simulated facet specific adsorption studies. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 162:199–207.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.06.043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Shivaji S, Madhu S, Singh S (2011) Extracellular synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles using psychrophilic bacteria. Process Biochem 46:1800–1807.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2011.06.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Shrivastava S, Bera T, Singh SK, Singh G, Ramachandrarao P, Dash D (2009) Characterization of antiplatelet properties of silver nanoparticles. ACS Nano 3:1357–1364.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nn900277t CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Silambarasan S, Jayanthi A (2013) Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Pseudomonas fluorescens. Res J Biotechnol 8:71–75Google Scholar
  120. Song JY, Kim BS (2008) Biological synthesis of bimetallic Au/Ag nanoparticles using persimmon (Diopyros kaki) leaf extract. Korean J Chem Eng 25:808–811.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-008-0133-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Song JY, Kim BS (2010) Rapid biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using plant leaf extracts. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 32(1):79–84.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00449-008-0224-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Song JY, Jang HK, Kim BS (2009) Biological synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Magnolia kobus and Diopyros kaki leaf extracts. Process Biochem 44:1133–1138.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2009.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Sung JH, Ji JH, Park JD, Yoon JU, Kim DS, Jeon KS, Song MY, Jeong J, Han BS, Han JH, Chung YH, Chang HK, Lee JH, Cho MH, Kelman BJ, Yu IJ (2009) Subchronic inhalation toxicity of silver nanoparticles. Toxicol Sci 108:452–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Takenaka S, Karg E, Roth C, Schulz H, Ziesenis A, Heinzmann U, Schramel P, Heyder J (2001) Pulmonary and systemic distribution of inhaled ultrafine silver particles in rats. Environ Health Perspect 109:547–551.  https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.01109s4547 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Tso C, Zhung C, Shih Y, Tseng Y-M, Wu S, Doong R (2010) Stability of metal oxide nanoparticles in aqueous solutions. Water Sci Technol 61:127–133.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2010.787 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Verma A, Stellacci F (2010) Effect of surface properties on nanoparticle–cell interactions. Small 6:12–21.  https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.200901158 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Verma SK, Jha E, Panda PK, Das JK, Thirumurugan A, Suar M, Parashar S (2017) Molecular aspects of core–shell intrinsic defect induced enhanced antibacterial activity of ZnO nanocrystals. Nanomedicine 13:43–68.  https://doi.org/10.2217/nnm-2017-0237
  128. Verma SK, Jha E, Sahoo B, Panda PK, Thirumurugan A, Parashar SKS, Suar M (2017b) Mechanistic insight into the rapid one-step facile biofabrication of antibacterial silver nanoparticles from bacterial release and their biogenicity and concentration-dependent in vitro cytotoxicity to colon cells. RSC Adv 7:40034–40045.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra05943d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Verma SK, Jha E, Sahoo B, Panda PK, Thirumurugan A, Parashar SKS, Suar M (2017c) Mechanistic insight into the rapid one-step facile biofabrication of antibacterial silver nanoparticles from bacterial release and their biogenicity and concentration-dependent in vitro cytotoxicity to colon cells. RSC Adv 7:40034–40045.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7RA05943D CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Verma SK, Panda PK, Jha E, Suar M, Parashar SKS (2017d) Altered physiochemical properties in industrially synthesized ZnO nanoparticles regulate oxidative stress; induce in vivo cytotoxicity in embryonic zebrafish by apoptosis. Sci Rep 7:13909.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14039-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Verma SK, Jha E, Panda PK, Mishra A, Thirumurugan A, Das B, Parashar SKS, Suar M (2018) Rapid novel facile biosynthesized silver nanoparticles from bacterial release induce biogenicity and concentration dependent in vivo cytotoxicity with embryonic zebrafish-A mechanistic insight. Toxicol Sci 161:125–138.  https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfx204 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Vidhu VK, Aromal SA, Philip D (2011) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Macrotyloma uniflorum. Spectrochim Acta – Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 83:392–397.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2011.08.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Waghmare SS, Deshmukh AM, Kulkarni SW, Oswaldo LA (2011) Biosynthesis and characterization of manganese and zinc nanoparticles. Univers J Environ Res Technol 1:64–69Google Scholar
  134. Xia T, Kovochich M, Brant J, Hotze M, Sempf J, Oberley T, Sioutas C, Yeh JI, Wiesner MR, Nel AE (2006) Comparison of the abilities of ambient and manufactured nanoparticles to induce cellular toxicity according to an oxidative stress paradigm. Nano Lett 6:1794–1807.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nl061025k CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Yong P, Rowson NA, Farr JPG, Harris IR, Macaskie LE (2002) Bioreduction and biocrystallization of palladium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans NCIMB 8307. Biotechnol Bioeng 80:369–379.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.10369 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Zijlstra P, Chon JWM, Gu M (2009) Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods. Nature 459:410–413.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08053 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suresh K. Verma
    • 1
  • Ealisha Jha
    • 2
  • Pritam Kumar Panda
    • 3
  • Arun Thirumurugan
    • 4
  • Mrutyunjay Suar
    • 1
  1. 1.School of BiotechnologyKIIT UniversityBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Physical OceanographyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada
  3. 3.Division of Pediatrics, Hematology and OncologyUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  4. 4.Advanced Materials Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of ChileSantiagoChile

Personalised recommendations