Current Role of Nanomaterials in Environmental Remediation

  • D. Durgalakshmi
  • Saravanan Rajendran
  • Mu. Naushad
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 25)


Natural causes of pollution are unavoidable; however, man-made pollution is increasing and causing alarming health issues, declining availability of clean water, and a lesser supply of good food. The limitations of conventional methods and materials used in water remediation to eliminate organic, inorganic, and microbial contaminants have prompted the research community to pursue nanotechnological aids for environmental needs. Nanomaterials have great advantages over bulk materials because of their greater surface area, higher reactivity, and hence better performance. The size effect of nanomaterialas is more of realistic perspective; thus, future technologies will be more focused on product development of nanotechnology for low cost but could extend to high-end users. In this chapter, we discuss nanostructured materials in the carbon family and the importance of metal oxides and magnetic materials in environmental remediation. We also outline the present need for nanomaterials in environmental applications and the nanomaterials currently being used for water remediation, antibacterial coatings, and biosensor applications.


Nanomaterials Environment Water treatment Photocatalysis Sensors Antimicrobial 



D. Durgalakshmi gratefully acknowledges financial support from a Department of Science & Technology (Government of India)–Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (DST-INSPIRE) faculty fellowship (no. 04/2016/000845). R. Saravanan gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Chilean Solar Energy Research Center (SERC; CONICYT/FONDAP/15110019); the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development (FONDECYT), Government of Chile (project no. 11170414); and Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tarapacá, Arica, Chile.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Durgalakshmi
    • 1
  • Saravanan Rajendran
    • 2
  • Mu. Naushad
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical PhysicsAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of TarapacáAricaChile
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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