The Mangroves of Myanmar

  • Christoph ZöcklerEmail author
  • Cherry Aung
Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS, volume 49)


This manuscript describes the biogeography and composition of mangroves in Myanmar. It underlines the significant and ongoing decline of mangrove coverage, the importance to protect these ecosystems, and their roles for critically endangered species of flora and fauna. Reasons for mangrove habitat loss are analysed. The monetary value of mangrove ecosystem services for coastal people has been estimated. UNESCO Biosphere Reserves and Ramsar sites have been suggested as best options for the future conservation and management of Myanmar’s mangroves. Developing community-based protected areas and forest management within the framework of the Man and the Biosphere Programme would cater for most of the management options that also involve local communities.


Mangrove biodiversity Ramsar sites UNESCO Biosphere Reserves 



We would like to thank Fauna and Flora International (FFI), the Lighthouse Foundation, and the Manfred Hermsen Stiftung for support of surveys and assessments over the years from 2008 to 2018 and the Forest Department of the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources for granting permits in remote coastal areas. We would like to thank Patrick Oswald and Milan Fanck who assisted with GIS support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manfred Hermsen FoundationBremenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Marine SciencePathein UniversityPatheinMyanmar

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