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Phytochemical and Pharmacological Approaches of Traditional Alternate Cassia occidentalis L.

  • M. Ali
  • S. H. Ansari
  • Sayeed Ahmad
  • Syeda Sanobar
  • Arshad Hussain
  • Shah Alam Khan
  • Md Sarfaraz Alam
  • Md Sajid Ali
  • Md Faruque Ahmad
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Chapter

Abstract

Cassia occidentalis L. is an annual or perennial Ayurvedic medicinal plant having a great potential to cure several disorders. The plant carries the significant traditional history as an alternate remedy. The plant is known to possess hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressant, hypolipidemic, anti-atherosclerogenic, and antipyretic activities. Phytochemical screenings reveal the presence of various categories of secondary metabolites, i.e., alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, tannins, and anthraquinones. Toxicities are also associated in the dose-dependent manner and improper use of the plant unintentionally. The pharmaceutical formulations have been developed by keeping the view of its nutritional facts and as a food supplement. This chapter is the updated compilation of the plant pertaining to its botany, ethnopharmacology, bioactivities, phytochemistry, and related aspects of toxicities. Some patents have also been covered regarding formulation and activities.

Keywords

Cassia occidentalis Anthraquinones Hypolipidemic Food supplement Toxicity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ali
    • 1
  • S. H. Ansari
    • 2
  • Sayeed Ahmad
    • 2
  • Syeda Sanobar
    • 1
  • Arshad Hussain
    • 3
  • Shah Alam Khan
    • 4
  • Md Sarfaraz Alam
    • 5
  • Md Sajid Ali
    • 5
  • Md Faruque Ahmad
    • 6
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of PharmacognosyCollege of Pharmacy, Jazan UniversityJizanSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacognosy and PhytochemistryJamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PharmacognosyKing Khalid UniversityAbhaSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of PharmacyOman Medical CollegeMuscatOman
  5. 5.Department of PharmaceuticsCollege of Pharmacy, Jazan UniversityJizanSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Department of Clinic NutritionCollege of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan UniversityJizanSaudi Arabia
  7. 7.Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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