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Agrarian and Urban Transitions in Lâm Đồng Province, Vietnam: Adaptation or Marginalisation for Ethnic Minorities?

  • Steve DéryEmail author
  • Maëva Lucas
  • Louis Boisclair
Chapter
Part of the Perspectives on Geographical Marginality book series (PGEO, volume 4)

Abstract

The adaptation of human societies to the deep transformations imposed by the globalisation of the world economy and related changes to various environments constitutes probably the most prominent challenge for the 21st century, especially in mountainous and marginal areas occupied by ethnic minorities. In Southeast Asia, modern states are continuing to build their territorial legitimacy, integrating areas inhabited by groups that have become ethnic minorities. In Vietnam’s Lâm Đồng province, Dalat is thus more and more integrated into national and international economic networks, especially those of tourism and agricultural production (coffee, flowers, vegetables, etc.). This integration has transformed the life of the people living in nearby villages. Our hypothesis is that there is a differentiation in this process as ethnic minorities are mostly marginalised compared to Kinh (or Vietnamese) people. In this text, we examine the general context of agrarian and urban transitions and how it has affected three villages, Da Sar, Da Nhim and Da Chaïs, in Lac Duong district. This study is mostly based on fieldwork conducted in 2011 and 2012 as a comparison with previous research done since 2007 in the same area.

Keywords

Vietnam Lâm Đồng province Dalat State Integration Marginalisation Agrarian and urban transition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyLaval UniversityQuébecCanada

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