Oil Pollution: Sustainable Ships and Shipping

  • Nikolaos P. VentikosEmail author
  • Konstantinos Louzis
  • Panagiotis Sotiralis


The aim of this chapter is to highlight the most significant attributes ofoil pollution in the context of the sustainable shipping. The chapter presents the current legislative framework for the environmental protection against oil pollution and depicts the utility of the implementation of risk control options (RCOs). Furthermore, the measures of containment of the oil pollution cost are illustrated along with the incorporation of the Environmental Risk Evaluation Criteria in IMO’s Formal Safety Assessment. Finally, the chapter discusses feasible ways of achieving a sustainable future without undermining the environmental integrity.



As Low As Reasonably Practicable


Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue System


Cost of Averting a Fatality


Cost of Averting a Tonne of Spilt oil


Crude oil washing


Contingent Valuation




Electronic Chart Display and Information System


Electronic Navigation Chart


European Union


Formal Safety Assessment


Gross tonnage


Habitat Equivalent Analysis


Implied Cost of Averting a Fatality


International Maritime Organization


International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds


International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited


International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships


Marine Environment Protection Committee


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by oil


Oil Pollution Act


International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation


Oil Spill Intelligence Report


Protection and indemnity


Probability density function


Risk control options


International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea


United Kingdom


United Nations


United States of America


Value of Human Life


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolaos P. Ventikos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Konstantinos Louzis
    • 1
  • Panagiotis Sotiralis
    • 1
  1. 1.National Technical University of Athens (NTUA)AthensGreece

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