Green Ports

  • Thalis P. V. ZisEmail author


Sustainable shipping involves not only ships but ports as their extension. This chapter examines the issues associated with a green port operation. These include technologies such as cold ironing; market-based practices such as differentiated fairway dues, speed reduction, and noise and dust abatement; and others. The legislative framework in various countries is explained, and various environmental scorecards are discussed. This chapter starts with a brief review on recent academic research in the field of environmental management of ports and presents the status quo in leading ports around the world. The chapter emphasizes on the implementation of speed reduction programmes near the port, the use of cold ironing at berth, and the effects of fuel quality regulation, considering the perspectives of the port authority and the ship operator. The emerging environmental and economic trade-offs are discussed. The aim of this chapter is to be a starting point for researchers seeking to work on green ports. Insights of this chapter may also be useful for stakeholders seeking to select the best emissions reduction option depending on their unique characteristics.



Automated guided vehicles


Alternative marine power


British Ports Association


Carbon monoxide


Carbon dioxide


European Seaport Organization


Emissions trading system


European Union


International Association of Ports and Harbors


International Maritime Organization


Intelligent transport systems


Liquefied natural gas


Nitrogen oxides


Onshore power supply


Port of Los Angeles


Port of Long Beach


Rail mounted gantry


Rubber-tired gantry


Sulfur oxides


United Nations Conference on Trade and Development


Vessel Speed Reduction Programme



Work presented in this chapter draws heavily from the author’s PhD Thesis. The doctoral work was co-funded by the Greek State Scholarship Foundation to which the author is grateful. The author would like to thank Michael G.H. Bell, Kevin Cullinane, and Harilaos N. Psaraftis for fruitful discussions over the last years on the topic of green ports.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DTU Management EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark

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