Maritime Transport: The Sustainability Imperative
The role of maritime transport in addressing the global sustainability imperative is increasingly recognized. Safe, secure, energy-efficient, affordable, reliable, low-carbon, climate-resilient and rule-based maritime transport systems contribute to achieving an economically efficient, socially equitable and environmentally sound development. However, for this role to effectively materialize, unsustainable maritime transport practices that result in wide-ranging external costs need to be addressed.
In the context of the ongoing implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement on climate change, there is a renewed opportunity to tap the sustainability potential of the maritime transport sector. Leveraging maritime transport in support of the sustainable development agenda requires that economic, social and environmental sustainability criteria be fully integrated and mainstreamed into relevant maritime transport planning processes, policies and investment decisions.
This chapter highlights key issues lying at the interface of maritime transport and sustainable development while emphasizing the role of the sector as a catalyst of a development path that promotes people, prosperity, environment and effective and relevant partnerships.
Agenda for Sustainable Development
Baltic and International Maritime Council
Conference of the Parties [of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change]
Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea
International Association of Classification Societies
International Association of Ports and Harbors
International Chamber of Shipping
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners
International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation
Liquefied natural gas
Liquefied petroleum gas
IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee
Nationally determined contributions
- P&I Clubs
Protection and Indemnity Clubs
Sustainable development goals
Twenty-foot equivalent unit
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The views represented in this chapter are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the UNCTAD secretariat.
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