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Maritime Transport: The Sustainability Imperative

  • Hassiba BenamaraEmail author
  • Jan Hoffmann
  • Frida Youssef
Chapter

Abstract

The role of maritime transport in addressing the global sustainability imperative is increasingly recognized. Safe, secure, energy-efficient, affordable, reliable, low-carbon, climate-resilient and rule-based maritime transport systems contribute to achieving an economically efficient, socially equitable and environmentally sound development. However, for this role to effectively materialize, unsustainable maritime transport practices that result in wide-ranging external costs need to be addressed.

In the context of the ongoing implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement on climate change, there is a renewed opportunity to tap the sustainability potential of the maritime transport sector. Leveraging maritime transport in support of the sustainable development agenda requires that economic, social and environmental sustainability criteria be fully integrated and mainstreamed into relevant maritime transport planning processes, policies and investment decisions.

This chapter highlights key issues lying at the interface of maritime transport and sustainable development while emphasizing the role of the sector as a catalyst of a development path that promotes people, prosperity, environment and effective and relevant partnerships.

Abbreviations

ASD

Agenda for Sustainable Development

BIMCO

Baltic and International Maritime Council

CO2

Carbon dioxide

COP

Conference of the Parties [of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change]

DME

Dimethyl ether

DOALOS

Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea

EU

European Union

IACS

International Association of Classification Societies

IAPH

International Association of Ports and Harbors

ICS

International Chamber of Shipping

INTERTANKO

International Association of Independent Tanker Owners

ITOPF

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation

LNG

Liquefied natural gas

LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas

MEPC

IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee

NDCs

Nationally determined contributions

P&I Clubs

Protection and Indemnity Clubs

SDGs

Sustainable development goals

TEU

Twenty-foot equivalent unit

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Notes

Acknowledgment

The views represented in this chapter are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the UNCTAD secretariat.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and LogisticsUNCTADGenevaSwitzerland

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