Central Asia and Middle East

  • Hanna Samir Kassab
  • Jonathan D. Rosen


This chapter illustrates the explanatory power of our theory expounded on in Chapters 2 and 3. It explains the proliferation of corruption, illicit trafficking, and terrorism in Central Asia and the Middle East. Beginning in Afghanistan, narcotics trafficking spreads through corruption as traffickers attempt to get their goods to market. Culture plays an important role in the spread of corruption, and this chapter takes time to illustrate this, especially in the Middle East. Thus, dealing with corruption increases in complexity, given the embedded normative system of the region.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanna Samir Kassab
    • 1
  • Jonathan D. Rosen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  2. 2.Holy Family UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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