Most organizations feel they have insufficient resources. Budgets never seem to stretch far enough. There always seems to be a shortage of staff, equipment, or both. At the same time, they face significant costs related to covering worker healthcare and mental illness-related work disability costs. Choosing the most cost-effective way to intervene can be confusing. This chapter gives an overview of how to conduct an economic evaluation, a method that helps decision-makers make informed choices. Using an example of three work colleagues who are tasked with evaluating two types of workplace mental health interventions, the chapter discusses the factors that should be considered before beginning an economic evaluation, the types of economic evaluations from which to choose, the data needed to conduct an economic evaluation, how to use the data, interpreting the results of an economic evaluation, and how organizations could use an economic evaluation to make decisions.
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