History Repeats Itself: The Perils of Normandy High School

  • Hope C. Rias
Part of the Historical Studies in Education book series (HSE)


In Chap.  7, I draw the conclusion that desegregation policy was enacted exclusively. I use the disenfranchisement of predominately black schools as proof. Normandy High School, which was the school that graduated Michael Brown just days before he was killed, is profiled in this chapter. More than 30 years after Liddell’s case led to widespread desegregation of St. Louis schools, Normandy schools remain segregated. I conclude that the condition of the Normandy School District is a direct result of its exclusion from the lucrative financial benefits of the transfer program. Had attempts been made to desegregate predominately black suburban schools as part of desegregation policy, the state of Normandy School District and race relations in St. Louis would likely be entirely different. Finally, I hope this research engages policy makers in a contemporary dialogue about the state of racial contention in St. Louis, much of which, I contend, is traced to school inequality.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bridgewater CollegeBridgewaterUSA

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