With Justice and Equality for Some…

  • Hope C. RiasEmail author
Part of the Historical Studies in Education book series (HSE)


Chapter  4 offers a biography of Minnie Liddell, the married, stay-at-home mother of five, whose children were shuffled from one dilapidated northside school to another. In 1972, Liddell sued the St. Louis Board of Education for failing to provide black children with equal access to quality schools. The lawsuit resulted in the creation of the Voluntary Transfer Program, which utilized city-to-county transfers of students. It was the largest and most expensive desegregation program in the country. This chapter introduces the gendered forms of power that are discussed later in the book and provides a counter-narrative to arguments that black parents did not work to provide quality education for their children. Liddell’s nearly 30-year struggle to provide black students in St. Louis with access to quality schools serves as a stark example that the dismantling of school segregation required tremendous work. The task still has not been completely accomplished.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bridgewater CollegeBridgewaterUSA

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