Soft Racism? How Complicating Interpretations of Racism Impact School History

  • Hope C. Rias
Part of the Historical Studies in Education book series (HSE)


This chapter examines the historic and varied ways that racism has been used to prevent racial equality throughout Missouri’s history. The chapter establishes the conceptual framework of this research and carefully explores the concepts of soft racism, symbolic racism, symbolic violence, and everyday racism. The goal of this chapter is to challenge the notion that racism is singularly expressed via violence and overt actions and offers readers a nuanced look at ways that racism may be expressed.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bridgewater CollegeBridgewaterUSA

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