Functional Neurological Disorder and Dissociative Disorders in Women

  • Geoffrey RaynorEmail author
  • Gaston Baslet


This chapter provides a review of the epidemiology, phenomenology, pathophysiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment of functional neurological disorders (FND) and dissociative disorders, highlighting aspects that are specifically pertinent to women. There is also discussion about their overlap. Women outnumber men in FND, though evidence of sex-based prevalence differences in dissociative disorders is mixed. Both disorders share a lack of integration of specific neurological functions, often in the setting of a trauma history. Evidence-based treatment for both disorders is emerging, with no clear indication at this point that intervention effectiveness differs based on sex.


Functional neurological disorder Dissociative disorder Conversion Hysteria Psychogenic seizures Dissociation Dissociative identity disorder Depersonalization Derealization Dissociative fugue And trauma-related disorders 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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