Caries Detection in Non-standardized Periapical Dental X-Rays

  • D. Osterloh
  • Serestina ViririEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics book series (LNCVB, volume 31)


Dental caries are currently one of the most prevalent diseases in the modern world. Early detection and diagnosis of the disease is the best treatment available to dental healthcare professionals and is crucial in preventing advanced stages of decay. This paper presents an effective model for caries detection across a variety of non-uniform X-rays using individual tooth segmentation, boundary detection and caries detection through image analysis techniques. The tooth segmentation is implemented using integral projection and an analytical division algorithm. The boundary detection is implemented through the use of top and bottom hat transformations and active contours. Finally, the caries detection was achieved through the use of blob detection and cluster analysis on suspected carious regions. The cluster analysis generates its results relative to the image being analyzed and as such, forms the unsupervised evaluation approach of this paper. The viability of this unsupervised learning model, and its relative effectiveness of accurately diagnosing dental caries when compared to current systems is indicated by the results detailed in this paper, with the proposed model achieving a 96% correct diagnostic.


Dental X-rays Tooth segmentation Boundary detection Caries identification 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer ScienceUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa

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