Social Science as Reconstruction of Social Phenomena

  • Oddbjørn Bukve


Social science is the study of social facts and phenomena. When studying such phenomena, we need an understanding of social acts from within as well as an external explanation of social patterns and processes. In general, we can regard social research as a form of systematic reconstruction of social facts and phenomena. We have established a convincing reconstruction when there is a congruence between on the one hand the ideas and analytical frames we have in our heads when studying a social phenomenon and on the other hand such data as have been collected and analysed through systematic use of scientific method. This chapter introduces the building stones of this reconstruction. What characterises scientific concepts, theories, models, and data, and what role do they play in the research process?


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oddbjørn Bukve
    • 1
  1. 1.Western Norway University of Applied SciencesSogndalNorway

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