The Role of Culture in Responsible Business Practice: An Exploration of Finnish and Russian SMEs
- 907 Downloads
National culture has been studied extensively in the context of small- and medium-sized enterprises’ (SMEs) internationalization processes. With the current focus on the greater integration of SMEs into both international trade and achievement of global sustainability, it is worth investigating the role that national culture plays in SMEs’ responsible business practices in the cross-border business relationship context. The qualitative approach used to study Finnish and Russian SMEs reveals that the cultural differences are reflected in SMEs’ responsible business practices only to some extent while they are more visible in their international business. This study thus contributes to the literature on both SME internationalization and small business responsibility by applying the lens of national culture to the phenomenon of small business responsibility in international business relationships.
KeywordsSMEs Internationalization Responsible business practices Sustainability Finland Russia
- Crane, A., Matten, D., & Spence, L. J. (2013). Corporate social responsibility: Readings and cases in a global context (2nd ed., pp. 3–26). Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- EC. (2003). Commission recommendation of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. Official Journal of the European Union, 46, 36–41.Google Scholar
- European Commission. (2001). Promoting a European framework for corporate social responsibilities. COM 366 final, Brussels.Google Scholar
- Hofstede, G. (2018). Country comparison: Russia, Finland. https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/finland,russia/. Accessed 20 Aug 2018.
- Keim, G. (2003). Nongovernmental organizations and business-government relations: The importance of institutions. In Globalization and NGOs: Transforming business, government, and society (pp. 19–34). Santa Barbara: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2013). Green entrepreneurship, eco-innovation and SMEs. OECD working party on SMEs and entrepreneurship, CFE/SME (2011)9/FINAL.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2016). Entrepreneurship at a glance 2016. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2017). Enhancing the contributions of SMEs in a global and digitalised economy. Meeting of the OECD council at ministerial level, Paris, June 7–8. https://www.oecd.org/mcm/documents/C-MIN-2017-8-EN.pdf. Accessed 20 Aug 2018.
- Peng, Y. S., Dashdeleg, A. U., & Chih, H. L. (2014). National culture and firm’s CSR engagement: A cross-nation study. Journal of Marketing & Management, 5(1), 38–49.Google Scholar
- Ryan, A., O’Malley, L., & O’Dwyer, M. (2010). Responsible business practice: Re-framing CSR for effective SME engagement. European Journal of International Management, 4(3), 290–302.Google Scholar
- The World Values Survey. (2017). Cultural map – WVS wave 6 (2010–2014). http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/images/Culture_Map_2017_conclusive.png. Accessed 20 Aug 2018.
- Vinokurova, N., Ollonqvist, P., Viitanen, J., Holopainen, P., Mutanen, A., Goltsev, V., & Ihalainen, T. (2009). Russian-Finnish roundwood trade – Some empirical evidence on cultural based differences (Vol. 129). Working papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute. Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa.Google Scholar
- World Trade report. (2016). Levelling the trading field for SME. Online document. Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/booksp_e/world_trade_report16_e.pdf. Accessed 20 Jan 2018.
- Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods, Applied social research methods. London/Singapore: Sage.Google Scholar