Religious Tourism Development in Lesvos Island. Potentials and Prospects in a Spiritual Approach of Priests of Lesvos
This paper aims to (a) present the opinions of the priests of Lesvos on the current situation of religious tourism in Lesvos, (b) explore the potentials and prospects for the further development of religious tourism and (c) formulate policy proposals for its systematic development. The exploration of the research objectives was carried out by contacting a quantitative research, the questionnaires of which were distributed among all the priest of Lesvos. The survey was contacted in February 2017, using the inventory method and the data collected were based on descriptive and inductive statistics. The investigation showed that Lesvos, as a religious destination, has been developed to a significant extent but, it still has many prospects of growth. The survey highlighted the need for the implementation of an integrated strategic planning for local tourism development, which through targeted actions will cover the basic strategic directions for further development of religious tourism in the Island.
KeywordsReligious tourism Lesvos Greece Priests Tourism development
JEL ClassificationΖ32 tourism & development Z39 tourism: other
- Coccossis, C., Tsartas, P., & Grimpa, E. (2011). Special and alternative forms of tourism. Athens: Kritiki. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Hall, C. M. (2000). Tourism planning: Policies, processes and relationships. Essex: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Hellenic Association of Travel and Tourist Agencies (HATTA) (2012). Internal tourism. Characteristics of the religious tourism in Greece. http://www.voria.gr/article/poia-ta-xaraktiristika-tou-thriskeutikou-tourismou. (in Greek) Accessed 12 Apr 2018.
- Lagos, D., & Christogianni, P. (2006). The development of religious tourism in Greece. In A. Vogiatzis (Ed.), Festschrift Mary Negreponti-Delivanis, Thessaloniki: University of Macedonia. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Lagos, D. (2005). Tourism economics. Athens: Kritiki. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Lloyd, D. W. (1998). Battlefield tourism: Pilgrimage and the commemoration of the great war in Britain, Australia and Canada, 1919–1939. New York: Berg.Google Scholar
- Lytras, P. (2001). Religious tourism. A socio-psychological approach. Athens: Interbooks. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Moira, P. (2009). Religious Tourism. Athens: Interbooks. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Moira, P., & Paraschi, A. (2015). From the pilgrimage to religious-cultural tourism: Case study “Zakynthos”. e-Journal of Science and Technology/e-JST, 3(10), 39–53. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Mouratidis, K., Doumi, M., & Kyriakaki, A. (2017). The prospects for the development of religious tourism in Lesvos. A reference to public & private sector positions. Paper presented at the IMIC International Conference: Tourism: Trends, Prospects and Implications for Enterprises and Destinations, Santorini, Greece, Book of Abstracts (pp. 44–45).Google Scholar
- Nicolaides, A. (2014). Marian tourism: Eastern orthodox and roman catholic pilgrimage. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 5(4), 1–19.Google Scholar
- Oppenheim, A. N. (1992). Questionnaires design,Interviewing and attitude measurement. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
- Petreas, C. (2016). Presentation of the results of a special survey of pilgrimage activities and ecclesiastical and monastic products, Second Pan-Hellenic Congress of Pilgrimage Tours, Leptokarya Pieria, Greece. http://www.ecclesia.gr/greek/holysynod/commitees/tourism/b_petreas.pdf. (in Greek). Accessed 18 Apr 2018.
- Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life (2011). Global Christianity, Washington, USA. http://www.pewforum.org/files/2011/12/Christianity-fullreport-web.pdf. Accessed 27 Nov 2016.
- Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life (2012). The global religious landscape. http://www.pewforum.org/2012/12/18/global-religious-landscape-exec/, Washington, USA. Accessed 27 Nov 2016.
- Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life (2015). Pew-templeton global religious futures project. http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/. Washington, USA. Accessed 27 Nov 2016.
- Polyzos, S. (2002). Analysis of impact factors and empirical exploration of internal tourism flows in Greece. Topos, 18–19, 187–218. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Polyzos, S. (2010). Religious tourism in Greece: Spatial analysis and contribution to the development of disadvantaged regions. Series Research Papers, 16(9), 203–222. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Polyzos, S. (2017). The spatial and economic dimension of religious tourism in Greece. Series Research Papers, 23(1), 15–16. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Poulaki, P., Lagos, D., Balomenou, Chr. (2015). Religious tourism in Greece and regional development: The case of Samos Island, In Proceedings of the 55th ERSA CONGRESS “World Renaissance: Changing Roles for People and Places”, Lisbon, Portugal, 25–29 August 2015.Google Scholar
- Richter, L. K. (1989). The politics of tourism in Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
- Santos, M. (2003). Religious tourism: Contributions towards a clarification of concepts, In C. Fernandes, F. McGettigan, & J. Edwards (Ed.), Religious tourism and Pilgrimage: ATLAS – Special Interest Group 1st Expert Meeting (pp. 27–42). Fatima: Tourism Board of Leiria-Fatima.Google Scholar
- Spilanis, I., &Vayanni, E. (2009). The contribution of alternative and special forms of tourism to local and island development. In M. Sotiriades, & I. Farsari (Ed.), Alternative and special forms of tourism. design, management and marketing, Athens: Interbooks. (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Stavrinoudis, Th., & Parthenis, S. (2009). The role and contribution of local, regional and national institutions and organizations in the development of alternative and special interest tourism. In M. Sotiriades, & I. Farsari (Ed.), Alternative and special forms of tourism. design, management and marketing, Athens: Interbooks. (inGreek).Google Scholar
- Syamala, G., & Kakoti, S. (2016). A study on religious tourism-potential and possibilities with reference to Shirdi a place of religious tourism. Online International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, VI(III), 115–124.Google Scholar
- Timothy, D. J., & Boyd, S. W. (2003). Heritage tourism. Harlow: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Vukonic, B. (1996). Tourism and religion. Pergamon, Elsevier Science Ltd., Tourism social science series, Οxford, UK.Google Scholar
- Vukonic, B. (1998). Religious tourism: Economic value or an empty box? Zagreb International Review of Economics & Business, 1(1), 83–94.Google Scholar
- Yalghouzaghaj, A. G., & Shorbolagh, S. P. (2013). Impact of religious tourism on the economy of countries. Case study: Iranian religious tourism. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 3(6), 196–203.Google Scholar
- Zafeiropoulos, K. (2015). How is a scientific research done?. Athens: Kritiki. (in Greek).Google Scholar