Advertisement

Animal Visions pp 195-234 | Cite as

Moor Loving

  • Susan Mary PykeEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature book series (PSAAL)

Abstract

Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights (1847) celebrates the vitality of humans and other species alike, through emplaced dream writing that emphasises the co-affective relations between Cathy, Heathcliff and the moor. This moor love operates outside hierarchical differentiations, breaking open the triangulations that tie women and men into limited self-reflecting desires. Some adaptations of Brontë’s novel also offer inclusive and entangled topographies, depicting weathering winds and ebbs and flows of water that typify the generative allowance of less restrictive relations between humans and other animals. In particular, Anne Carson’s poem “The Glass Essay” (1997) amplifies this emplacement through the Canadian moor. In Jane Urquhart’s novel Changing Heaven (1989) and Andrea Arnold’s film Wuthering Heights (2011) mimetic rivalry is put aside by an agential wind. In Kate Bush’s music video “Wuthering Heights” (1978) and Luis Buñuel’s Abismos de Pasión (1954) habitat is given visual emphasis, placing the human body in spatial context. Together these texts offer a coalition of affective ecolects shaped by entrainments in time and place.

References

  1. Acker, Kathy. 1992. “Obsession.” Postmodern Culture 3: 1. Google Scholar
  2. Arnold, Andrea. 2011. Wuthering Heights. Directed by Andrea Arnold. Performed by Solomon Glave, Shannon Beer, James Howsen, and Kaya Scodelaria. Produced by Robert Bernstein, Douglas Roes, and Kevin Loader. Ecosse Film Productions: Film 4 with Goldcrest Film Productions, Screen Yorkshire, and HanWay Films.Google Scholar
  3. Bai, Heeson. 2009. “Reanimating the Universe: Environmental Education and Philosophical Animism.” In Fields of Green: Restorying Culture, Environment and Education. Edited by Marcia McKenzie, Paul Hart, Heesoon Bai, and Bob Jickling, 135–152. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.Google Scholar
  4. Barad, Karen. 2007. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Barad, Karen. 2008. “Posthuman Performativity: Toward an Understanding of How Matter Comes to Matter.” In Material Feminisms. Edited by Stacy Alaimo and Susan Hekman. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bate, Jonathan. 1991. Romantic Ecology: Wordsworth and the Environmental Tradition. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Brontë, Emily. [1847] 1997. Wuthering Heights. Edited by Pauline Nestor. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  8. Buñuel, Luis. 1954. Abismos de Pasión. Directed by Luis Buñuel; Performed by Irishea Dilián, Jorge Mistral, and Lilia Prado; Produced by Oscar Dancigers and Abelardo L. Rodríguez. Mexico: Plexus.Google Scholar
  9. Bush, Kate. 1978a. “Wuthering Heights.” The Kick Inside. EMI, United States of America.Google Scholar
  10. Bush, Kate. 1978b. “Wuthering Heights.” [Red Dress]. KateBushMusic [YouTube]. Posted on 2 March 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BW3gKKiTv.
  11. Bush, Kate. 1978c. “Wuthering Heights.” [White Dress]. KateBushMusic [YouTube]. Posted on 30 December 2010. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1pMMIe4hb4.
  12. Carson, Anne. 1997. “The Glass Essay.” In Wild Workshop. London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
  13. Catania, Saviour. 2008. “Wagnerizing Wuthering Heights: Buñuel’s ‘Tristan’ Storm in Abismos de Pasión.” Literature Film Quarterly 36 (4): 272–280.Google Scholar
  14. Catania, Saviour. 2011. “Landscape Living: Yoshida’s Arashi-ga-Oka and the Frost Fire Heart of Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights.” Brontë Studies 36 (3): 247–254.Google Scholar
  15. Cecil, David. [1934] 1960. Early Victorian Novelists: Essays in Revaluation. London: Constable and Company.Google Scholar
  16. Chitwood, Brandon. 2016. “Mixed Signals: Narrative Fidelity, Female Speech, and Masculine Spectacle in Adapting the Brontë Novels as Films.” In A Companion to the Brontës. Edited by Diane Long Hoeveler and Deborah Denenholz Morse, 513–527. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  17. Cixous, Hélène. [1976] 2004. Portrait of Dora. In Selected Plays of Helen Cixous. Edited by Eric Prenowitz and translated by Ann Liddle. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Condé, Maryse. 1998. Windward Heights. London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
  19. Davies, Stevie. [1996] 2002. Four Dreamers and Emily. London: The Women’s Press-Namara.Google Scholar
  20. Duthie, Enid. 1986. The Brontës and Nature. Hampshire and London: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  21. Ettinger, Bracha L. 2005. “Copoiesis.” Ephemera 5 (10): 703–713.Google Scholar
  22. Ettinger, Bracha L. 2006. The Matrixial Borderspace. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  23. Evernden, Neil. 1978. “Beyond Ecology: Self, Place, and the Pathetic Fallacy.” The North American Review 263 (4): 16–20.Google Scholar
  24. Foltz, Bruce. 1995. Inhabiting the Earth: Heidegger, Environmental Ethics, and the Metaphysics of Nature. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press.Google Scholar
  25. Frogola, Anthony. 1994. “Buñuel’s Revision of Wuthering Heights: The Triumph of L’Amour Fou Over Hollywood Romanticism.” Literature Film Quarterly 22 (1): 50–56.Google Scholar
  26. Girard, René. 1965. Deceit, Desire, and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure. Translated by Yvonne Freccero. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.Google Scholar
  27. Hillis Miller, Joseph. 1975. The Disappearance of God: Five Nineteenth-Century Writers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Hillis Miller, Joseph. 1995. Topographies. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Hutcheon, Linda. 2006. A Theory of Adaptation. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  30. Irigaray, Luce. 1991. Marine Lover of Friedrich Nietzsche. Translated by Gillian Gill. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Irigaray, Luce. 1996. “Divine Women.” In Women, Knowledge, and Reality: Explorations in Feminist Philosophy. Edited by Ann Garry and Marilyn Pearsall. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Kaiser, Birgit. 2014. “Worlding CompLit: Diffractive Reading with Barad, Glissant and Nancy.” Parallax 20 (3): 274–287.Google Scholar
  33. Keller, Catherine. 2003. Face of the Deep: A Theology of Becoming. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Lodge, Guy. 2012. “Interview: Andrea Arnold on Wuthering Heights.” Hitfix, Posted on October 12. https://uproxx.com/hitfix/interview-andrea-arnold-on-wuthering-heights-crying-to-mumford-sons-and-having-faith-in-a-face/.
  35. Manning, Erin. 2016. The Minor Gesture. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Massumi, Brian. 2014. What Animals Teach Us About Politics. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  37. McHugh, Susan. 2011. Animal Stories: Narrating Across Species Lines. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  38. Neimanis, Astrida. 2012. “Hydrofeminism: Or, on Becoming a Body of Water.” In Undutiful Daughters: Mobilizing Future Concepts, Bodies and Subjectivities in Feminist Thought and Practice. Edited by Henriette Gunkel, Chrysanth Nigianni, and Fanny Söderbäck, 96–115. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  39. Pick, Anat. 2011. Creaturely Poetics: Animality and Vulnerability in Literature and Film. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Plath, Sylvia. [1961] 1981. “Wuthering Heights.” In Collected Poems. Edited by Ted Hughes. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  41. Rancière, Jacques. 2004. The Politics of Aesthetics. Translated by Gabriel Rockhill. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  42. Ruskin, John. [1907] 1987. Modern Painters. Edited by David Barrie. London: Deutsch. Google Scholar
  43. Sempert, Mattie, Louise Sawtell, Peta Murray, Sophie Langley, and Craig Batty. 2017. “Methodologically Speaking: Innovative Approaches to Knowledge and Text in Creative Writing Research.” New Writing 14 (2): 205–222.Google Scholar
  44. Thompson, Graeme. 2010. Under the Ivy: The Life and Music of Kate Bush. London: Omnibus Press.Google Scholar
  45. Thormählen, Marianne. 1999. The Brontës and Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Urquhart, Jane. 1989. Changing Heaven. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.Google Scholar
  47. Watts, Victor. 2004. The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names: Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society. Edited by Victor Watts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Woolf, Virginia. 1938. The Common Reader. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Culture and CommunicationUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations