A High Payload Edge Detection-Based Image Steganography Robust to RS-Attack by Using LSB Substitution and Pixel Value Differencing

  • Chin-Feng Lee
  • Jau-Ji ShenEmail author
  • Ting-Yi Ou-Yang
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 109)


Among current information hiding methods, the least significant bits (LSBs) substitution is the most common. By modifying the least significant bit that has no effect on the image, secret information can be hidden in image media and cannot be perceived by the human visual system, making information transmission via the Internet more secure. Not all blocks in the image have the ability to carry secret messages of the same length and high confidence. Also, success can be achieved by hiding more secret information in complex areas of the image. This research proposes a hybrid steganographic method by using LSB substitution and pixel-value differencing (PVD) to increase the embedding capacity for the digital image. Moreover, the proposed method can effectively resist an RS detection attack and effectively improve the security of transmitting secret messages.


Least-significant-bit (LSB) substitution Edge detection Pixel-value differencing 



This research was partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China under the Grants MOST 106-2221-E-324-006-MY2.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information ManagementChaoyang University of TechnologyTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Management Information SystemsNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan

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