A Survey of Semi-fragile Watermarking Authentication

  • Chin-Feng Lee
  • Jau-Ji Shen
  • Fang-Wei Hsu
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 109)


In order to improve security and detection of tampered area, in the meantime be able to resist common image processing operation such as: JPEG, Gaussian Filter or other compression techniques, semi-fragile watermarking technology are considered to be the solution. This paper investigate four different kinds of semi-fragile watermarking method based upon discrete wavelet transformation (DWT), discrete cosine transformation (DCT) and vector quantization (VQ) in image authentication. Four methods will be analyzed in different aspects, including the characteristic of methods, comparison of image quality and false detection rate.


Image authentication Semi-fragile watermarking Tamper detection 



This research was partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China under the Grants MOST 106-2221-E-324-006-MY2.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information ManagementChaoyang University of TechnologyTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Management Information SystemsNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan

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