Refugee Undesirability and Economic Potentials: Questioning Encampment Policy in Forced Migration

  • Elias O. Opongo
Part of the Advances in African Economic, Social and Political Development book series (AAESPD)


Refugee undesirability has become more common in many countries. They are often seen as a nuisance, dependent as well as a social and security threat. In many developing countries, encampment of refugees has been considered as a more practical policy for management of refugee influx in forced migration situations. However, this policy approach ignores the positive economic potential of refugees, despite situations of complex humanitarian emergencies. Refugees create a ready market for local goods, bring foreign currency into the country through remittances and donor funding that has to be brought in for purchase of humanitarian supplies, as well as create an intercultural mix that is beneficial to the host country.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elias O. Opongo
    • 1
  1. 1.Hekima Institute of Peace Studies and International RelationsNairobiKenya

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