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The Swedish Economists

  • Benny Carlson
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)

Abstract

Five Swedish economists were at the heart of the Swedish debate on economic planning: Gustav Cassel, Eli Heckscher and Gösta Bagge represented an older generation of classical/market liberals opposed to planning, Bertil Ohlin and Gunnar Myrdal a younger generation of social liberals or socialists advocating planning. These five fought over economic planning from the late 1920s to the late 1930s. Cassel, Heckscher and Ohlin wrote in daily newspaper on a regular basis, Bagge and Myrdal were more directly involved in policy-making. A few other economists occasionally intervened in the debate: David Davidson, Sven Brisman, Karin Kock, Gustaf and Johan Åkerman. Ernst Wigforss, leading Social Democrat and the man who “divorced” planning from socialization, will also play a role in our story. He was not an economist by profession but anyway at the forefront of economic policy debates.

Keywords

Swedish economists Gustav Cassel Eli Heckscher Gösta Bagge Gunnar Myrdal Bertil Ohlin 

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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lund UniversityLundSweden

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