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Congenital Heart Disease

  • Fernando Abramzon
  • Maria Jose Bosaleh
  • Pablo Pollono
  • Ezequiel Levy Yeyati
  • Juan Wolcan
  • Gastón A. Rodríguez-Granillo
Chapter

Abstract

Congenital heart disease (CHD) has an estimated incidence of 0.8% of all new live births globally, with significant geographic and income group differences, and a global prevalence of 0.4% in adults. The main classification schemes discriminate between acyanotic CHD, which initially do not interfere with the amount of oxygenated blood in the systemic circulation, and cyanotic CHD, which interfere with the amount of oxygenated blood in the systemic circulation. Most cyanotic CHD require surgical correction immediately or soon after birth due to high mortality rates.

Cardiac computed tomography (CT) enables an unsurpassed evaluation of the anatomy of patients with complex CHD, with nonrestricted volumetric imaging planes. In turn, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) provides accurate, reproducible, and ionizing-free data particularly useful for the evaluation of valves and shunts, including precise anterograde and retrograde volume quantification. CMR is particularly useful for the evaluation of the right ventricular morphology and function and for right-sided valvular disease.

Keywords

Birth defect Tetralogy of Fallot Septal defect Transposition of the great arteries Aortic coarctation Anomalous pulmonary vein return 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Abramzon
    • 1
  • Maria Jose Bosaleh
    • 2
  • Pablo Pollono
    • 3
  • Ezequiel Levy Yeyati
    • 4
  • Juan Wolcan
    • 3
  • Gastón A. Rodríguez-Granillo
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Imaging, Department of RadiologyHospital de Trauma y Emergencias “Dr. Federico Abete”, University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology Section, Department of Radiology, Section of CT and MRHospital Nacional Alejandro PosadasBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Department of Non-Invasive Cardiovascular ImagingHospital del Cruce, Florencio VarelaBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Cardiovascular Imaging, Department of RadiologyHospital Municipal de Merlo “Eva Perón”, University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Department of Cardiovascular Imaging, Department of ResearchDiagnostico MaipuBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.National Council of Scientific and Technical Investigations (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina

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