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Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy

  • Gastón A. Rodríguez-Granillo
  • Cesar Nomura
  • Andrea Maria Giovannini Bercht
  • Alejandro Deviggiano
Chapter

Abstract

Nonischemic cardiomyopathy comprises a heterogenous group of myocardial disorders that are not caused by hemodynamic disturbances such as hypertension, valve disease, obstructive coronary artery disease, or congenital heart disease and involves structural and/or functional myocardial abnormalities. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has an important role in the diagnosis, classification, and risk stratification of patients with suspected or established cardiomyopathies. The presence and extension of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) are independent predictors of ventricular arrhythmia, systolic dysfunction, all-cause mortality, and sudden cardiac death. In parallel, cardiac computed tomography with late iodine enhancement offers an alternative to CMR among patients unsuitable or with contraindications for CMR, such as those with claustrophobia, non-compatible cardiac implants, obese, and end-stage renal failure.

Keywords

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Dilated cardiomyopathy Restrictive cardiomyopathy Cardiac amyloidosis Non-compaction Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gastón A. Rodríguez-Granillo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cesar Nomura
    • 3
  • Andrea Maria Giovannini Bercht
    • 3
  • Alejandro Deviggiano
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Cardiovascular Imaging, Department of ResearchDiagnostico MaipuBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.National Council of Scientific and Technical Investigations (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance and Computed Tomography DepartmentHeart Institute (InCor), University of Sao Paulo Medical SchoolSao PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Cardiovascular ImagingDiagnostico MaipuBuenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Cardiac CT and MRI Council of the Argentinian Society of CardiologyBuenos AiresArgentina

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